Marijuana Drug Rehab

Drug Rehab for Marijuana | Midwood Addiction Treatment

The term “marijuana” is used to refer to the dried leaves, flowers, seeds, and stems of the Cannabis sativa plant. It contains the psychoactive ingredient THC, as well as other compounds. Despite the relaxing of laws regarding both medical and recreational marijuana use, it remains the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States.

Marijuana is most often smoked as hand-rolled paper “joints,” as a cigar “blunt,” or in a pipe. Sometimes, it is inhaled using a vaporizer, brewed in a tea, or consumed in “edibles,” such as cookies and brownies.

Contrary to popular belief, marijuana does have the potential for addiction. Research suggests that an estimated 9% of users develop an addiction. The incidence of addiction rises among those who start using at a young age and users who ingest the drug daily.

The number of people seeking treatment for marijuana addiction has risen steadily in the last few years. Experts believe that factors such as increasing levels of THC and decriminalization of the drug have led to this trend. For example, in 2012, the THC concentration in marijuana seized by law enforcement averaged around 15%—up from just 4% in the 1980s.

Marijuana: A History of Uncertainty

The perception of marijuana as a potentially addictive drug has fluctuated over the years. For example, during the 1930s, the anti-marijuana propaganda film, Reefer Madness, appeared, in which the hazards of using were dramatically exaggerated. By the 1960s, the depiction of marijuana in popular culture was often still negative. However, people were beginning to realize that its use was not as dangerous as many other substances—alcohol included.

Today, many U.S. states and cities have decriminalized or legalized marijuana for some purpose or another. For this reason, the common belief that marijuana is generally helpful and not harmful has become more common. Unfortunately, the increasing levels of THC in cannabis and its availability have contributed to a corresponding increase in problematic use and the demand for professional treatment.

Types of Treatment Programs

Treatment programs for marijuana addiction may be undertaken on an inpatient, partial hospitalization, and outpatient basis. All programs consist of similar services, including psychotherapy and counseling. The main difference between formats is the amount of the time the patient is required to spend in treatment.

*Inpatient Treatment

Drug Rehab for Marijuana | Midwood Addiction Treatment

During inpatient or residential treatment, patients typically remain at a facility 24/7, for several weeks. These programs are usually 30-90 days, but they can be shorter or longer.

Inpatient treatment may be most appropriate for those with severe addictions, or for those who have unsuccessfully tried less intensive programs in the past. Because this program requires 24-hour supervision, patients cannot go to work or leave the center during the specified period.

*Partial Hospitalization Programs

Partial hospitalization programs (PHPs), which are sometimes referred to as day treatment programs, offer similar treatment services as inpatient programs. The main difference is that while patients visit the center daily, they go home in the evenings, rather than residing at the center 24/7.

Moreover, PHP is a more intensive program format than typical outpatient programs, which meet fewer days per week. PHPs are often used as step-down assistance after a person has completed an inpatient program. Partial hospitalization is beneficial for people who need a high level of support but do not require 24-hour supervision.

*Outpatient Programs

Outpatient programs are the least intensive and most flexible forms of treatment. They are beneficial for those who have completed treatment at a higher level of care, or who cannot take time off of work or family obligations.

These programs also permit the person in recovery to have some control over their attendance schedule. Also, they can help a person develop confidence, as they are free to engage in life while overcoming the temptation to use substances.

Importantly, a patient may be subjected to drug testing while receiving treatment at an outpatient facility. And, continued treatment may be conditional upon negative drug tests.

*Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the cornerstone of most modern treatment programs. It has been clinically proven to be useful for the treatment of marijuana addiction, as well as many other conditions.

The goal of this treatment is to teach a person in recovery coping skills and healthier, more effective ways to deal with stress and drug cravings. It also helps patients identify underlying factors that contribute to their desire to engage in drug use in the first place.

CBT is founded on the principle that a person’s thoughts and feelings can significantly affect his or her behavior. Positively altering these can, therefore, result in healthier responses to everyday situations. In particular, CBT would target and seek to beneficially alter patterns of thought that lead to stress, negative emotions, and the temptation to use marijuana.

Drug Rehab for Marijuana | Midwood Addiction Treatment

 

Who Benefits From Marijuana Drug Rehab?

Many people are under the impression that marijuana use is benign when compared to “harder” drugs like heroin and cocaine. While this may be true to an extent, it is also true to say that marijuana addiction can and does occur and may result in adverse consequences. These consequences may include strain on interpersonal relationships, a lack of motivation, and poor performance at work or school. It can also result in legal problems or financial difficulties.

The following are signs of a marijuana use disorder that may benefit from professional treatment:

  • Using more marijuana than intended or for a longer period
  • Using marijuana in inappropriate or dangerous situations
  • Continuing to use marijuana despite the incurrence of adverse effects
  • Continuing to use marijuana despite the protests of loved ones
  • Failing to stop using despite repeated attempts and/or promises to loved ones
  • Prioritizing marijuana use over other activities or important responsibilities
  • Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when attempting to quit
  • Obsessing over attainment or use of marijuana

If you or someone you love is exhibiting these signs, there is a good chance that addiction to marijuana is developing or has already occurred.

Entering Drug Rehab

All treatment programs begin with an assessment performed by a trained intake professional. This information will be used to determine the severity of a person’s addiction, and if he or she is suffering from a co-occurring health problem that also needs to be addressed. These may include mental disorders, such as depression or anxiety, or physical issues, such as chronic pain.

After this process is completed, a customized treatment program will be developed. During this time, various treatment options for marijuana drug rehab, including program format, will be discussed before formal treatment begins. In addition to individual therapy and counseling, patients are usually provided with the following services:

  • Group therapy
  • Family counseling
  • Peer group support meetings
  • Substance abuse education
  • Health and wellness services
  • Holistic treatments, such as art and music therapy
  • Medication-assisted treatment, if appropriate
  • Aftercare planning

Get Help Now

Midwood Addiction Treatment offers comprehensive, evidence-based programs for marijuana abuse and addiction. These programs may be administered in partial hospitalization, intensive outpatient, and outpatient formats.

We are dedicated to helping those who need it most to recover from substance abuse and reclaim healthy, fulfilling lives. Contact us today to find out how we can help!

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How Long Does Ecstasy Stay in Your System?

how long does ecstasy stay in your system? | Midwood Addiction Treatment center

Ecstasy has a half-life around 7 hours, then it would take about 1.5 to 2 days for ecstasy to be eliminated from a person’s system. The recreational effects of ecstasy usually last from 3 to 6 hours. However, this can vary based on several factors.

Recreational Effects and Metabolism

When used recreationally, the user often feels energetic, euphoric, and highly sexual. Ecstasy is commonly used as a party drug among young people in social scenes such as bars, clubs, concerts, raves, festivals, etc.

Other party/club drugs include, but are not limited to ketamine (Special K), GHB, Rohypnol (Roofies), methamphetamine, amyl nitrate (poppers), 2C-B, LSD, and hallucinogenic mushrooms.

Ecstasy is a unique drug in that it results in effects similar to those of amphetamines as well as hallucinogens.

Studies have found that MDMA taken orally reaches the maximum blood concentration in around two hours. At this time users may feel peak effects. Over time, ecstasy is metabolized and broken down into the urine. Using a urinalysis test, these metabolites can still be detected in a person’s system for up to two days.

Because Ecstasy has a relatively short half-life, people may use more of the drug as the euphoria wears off. Although rare, taking doses of Ecstasy in quick succession has been linked to heart problems, dehydration, and overdose.

Using Ecstasy With Other Drugs and Overdose

How Long Does Ecstasy Stay in Your System?

Using Ecstasy with other substances can be particularly dangerous for a few different reasons. For one, MDMA is illegal and not regulated by the government as a standard dose.

As an illicit drug, is it not manufactured or packaged according to any specifications and tablets/capsules can include other drugs or toxic ingredients. On average, however, a dose of Ecstasy dose usually falls somewhere between 10 mg and 150 mg. People who have used MDMA for an extended period – say over a long night of partying – may have ingested an amount equal to 700 mg or more.

When higher doses are consumed, the risk of mixing MDMA with other drugs and alcohol becomes even greater.

Pills sold illicitly as Molly or Ecstasy have a high risk of containing other psychoactive substances. For example, drugs sold as pure MDMA have been found to contain bath salts, cocaine, ketamine, and even methamphetamine.

Researchers who have examined the chemical compounds present in MDMA have found that results widely vary. Molly, the crystal powder form of MDMA sold in capsules. One study found that nearly half of all Molly users who thought they were getting pure MDMA tested positive for synthetic cathinone, commonly known as bath salts.

In recent news, star of the television show “Storm Chasers” Joel Taylor died in January on a cruise. The toxicology report later deemed the cause of his death to be Ecstasy, although he had other drugs, including traces of ketamine and Ambien in his system.

Variation in Effects

Because Ecstasy or MDMA drugs probably have other substances combined with them, this fact also impacts the timeline for Ecstasy’s effects, metabolism rate, and half-life.

Other than dosage (frequency and duration) factors that determine how quickly and efficiently a drug is metabolized include age, height/weight, genetics, and overall health.

Adverse Effects

Long after an Ecstasy high has worn off, unpleasant side effects can persist for as long as 24 hours.

These include but are not limited to the following:

  • Nausea
  • Vision problems (blurred vision or light sensitivity)
  • Dry mouth
  • Muscle cramping or tension
  • Uncontrollable jaw and/or teeth clenching (bruxism)
  • Sweating

According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), some of ecstasy’s most undesirable adverse effects may last up to 7 days and include:

  • Irritability
  • Impulsiveness and aggression
  • Depression
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Anxiety
  • Memory and attention problems
  • Decreased appetite
  • Decreased libido
  • Dangerous spikes in body temperature that can lead to failure of major organs and death

Treatment for Ecstasy Abuse

How Long Does Ecstasy Stay in Your System? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Treatment for the abuse of any drug often begins with a medically-assisted detox. During this process, clinicians oversee the patient, monitor withdrawal effects and vital signs, and administer medication as appropriate.

After the body has cleared itself of toxins, patients are encouraged to undergo an intensive addiction treatment program at our center. Our programs include both partial hospitalization and outpatient formats and feature evidence-based services such as individual and group therapy and counseling, 12-step programs, music and art therapy, and more.

After formal treatment has been completed, patients can continue to foster their recovery by engaging in our aftercare program and participating in alumni activities.

Our programs are structured with various components of evidence-based treatment practices and holistic approaches to treatment that provide our patients with the knowledge and tools they need to be successful in their recovery.

Our Approach To Addiction Treatment
We provide a comprehensive, holistic method to treatment, encompassing a wide array of different evidence-based practices in combination. All of Midwood Addiction Treatment’s primary therapists are either licensed or master’s level clinicians.

Our programs are structured with various components of evidence-based treatment practices and holistic approaches to treatment that provide our patients with the knowledge and tools they need to be successful in their recovery.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.

Call us now to learn about our treatment options.

888-MAT-1110
⟹ READ THIS NEXT: Adderall Side Effects

How Long Does Marijuana Stay in Your System?

How Long Does Marijuana Stay in Your System? | Midwood Addiction

Marijuana, also known as cannabis, pot, and weed is detectable in bodily fluids for 1-30 days after last use. As with many other drugs, it may be identified in hair follicles for several months.

Marijuana detection windows depend on the amount ingested and how often. Naturally, higher doses and more daily use are associated with a more extended period of detection. In regular users, marijuana may be detected for many months after the last use.

Drug Test Detection Windows

Drug tests check for the presence of marijuana and its by-products, known as metabolites. These metabolites will stay in a person’s system long after the effects of marijuana have subsided. The detection window for these chemicals varies depending on the type of test used.

Urine Tests

According to the Mayo Clinic, marijuana can be identified in the urine for the following periods after last use:

  • Occasional users (3 times per week or less): three days
  • Moderate users (a few times per week): 5-7 days
  • Chronic users (at least once a day): 10-15 days
  • Heavy, chronic users (many times per day): over 30 days

Unlike some other water-soluble drug metabolites, cannabis metabolites attach to fat molecules in the body. As a result, it can take an extended period for them to leave a person’s system.

Blood Tests

Marijuana is typically detectable in the blood for 1-2 days. However, in some cases, it’s been detected for 25 days or longer. Chronic, excessive use extends the length of time that it can be identified.

Marijuana is detectable in the blood within seconds of inhalation. It’s distributed to the tissues, and some is reabsorbed in the blood and metabolized. The resulting metabolites may stay in the bloodstream for several days. For this reason, blood tests are used only to indicate recent marijuana use. Urine tests are more common, however, as they are less invasive.

How Long Does Marijuana Stay in Your System? | Midwood Addiction

Saliva testing

Marijuana is detectable in saliva for the following periods after last use:

  • Occasional users: 1-3 days
  • Chronic users: 1-29 days

Marijuana can enter the saliva via smoking or smoke exposure. Its metabolites, however, are only present in saliva when it has been smoked or ingested. In areas where cannabis has been legalized, saliva or mouth swab tests may be employed for roadside testing.

Hair Follicle Tests

Hair follicle tests evaluate drug use for up to three months. After use, weed reaches hair follicles through small blood vessels. Trace amounts may stay in the hair. Because hair grows, on average, about 0.5 inches per month, a 1.5-inch hair sample taken near to the scalp can provide a window of marijuana use for the past 90 days.

Metabolization Time and Factors That Affect It

THC, the psychoactive chemical in marijuana, is absorbed into the blood after entering the body. Some THC is stored in organs and fatty tissues. THC is then broken down in the liver, resulting in more than 80 metabolites.

The major marijuana metabolite that tests check for is known as tetrahydrocannabinol carboxylic acid (THC-COOH). It is inactive and highly fat-soluble. This metabolite, along with some others, remains in the body much longer than THC itself. Eventually, THC and its metabolites are expelled from the system via urine and feces.

Several factors may affect how long marijuana remains in a person’s system. These include age, sex, and body mass index (BMI). These aren’t associated with the drug’s use itself, but rather how each individual’s body processes and breaks it down.

Other factors are related to marijuana and how it is used. As noted, this includes how much is used and how often. Higher doses and more frequent use will likely extend the amount of time for marijuana to be cleared from a person’s system.

More powerful marijuana that is higher in THC may also remain in the body for longer. Likewise, marijuana ingested orally may stay in your system a bit longer than that which is smoked.

Unfortunately, there isn’t much a person can do to accelerate this process. Once in the blood, the body needs time to metabolize it and excrete it. Staying hydrated and exercising may help, but there is unlikely to be a dramatic difference in the timeline.

Of note, there are many marijuana detox kits available that usually required drinking a copious amount of water to dilute urine. They often include herbal or vitamin supplements, such as vitamin B12, to conceal the dilution. In general, these kits are not terribly reliable.

Time to Feel Effects

Marijuana’s effects may onset rapidly, often within 15-30 minutes after smoking. When consumed orally, it typically takes longer, perhaps even 1-2 hours after ingestion. The active ingredients in marijuana induce a brief “high.”

Common effects include the following:

  • Euphoria
  • Feelings of relaxation
  • Slowed time perception
  • Talkativeness
  • Humorousness
  • Altered sensory perceptions

Other short-term effects may include:

  • Difficulty focusing
  • Increased appetite
  • Impaired coordination
  • Drowsiness
  • Restless
  • Accelerated heart rate
  • Confusion
  • Anxiety
  • Paranoia
  • Dry mouth
  • Low blood pressure, dizziness
  • Feeling faint or fainting

How Long Does Marijuana Stay in Your System? | Midwood Addiction

In rare cases, high doses of marijuana can cause hallucinations and delusions. These reactions may also occur in certain individuals who are predisposed to them, such as those with schizophrenia.

Smoking or ingesting marijuana every day can have additional effects on the mind and body. People who do so may be at a heightened risk of cognitive, memory, and learning impairments.

They may also be more likely to experience heart disease, stroke, and respiratory problems such as lung infections or bronchitis. Mood disorders, such as anxiety or depression, may be more likely to occur.

If a woman uses marijuana when pregnant or breastfeeding, there’s an increased risk that the baby will have birth defects or issues with brain development.

Timeline for Effects

Marijuana’s acute effects start to subside after 1-3 hours. Some effects, such as memory problems or difficulty sleeping, can last several days.

Researchers aren’t sure how long the effects of chronic use can persist. Because the Drug Enforcement Agency continues to classify marijuana as a Schedule I substance, funding for research is scarce. However, it appears these effects may last days, weeks, or months after marijuana use has been terminated. Some consequences may be chronic or even permanent, in some cases.

Treatment for Marijuana Abuse

Marijuana is a drug with a high potential for abuse. Although it is a relatively mild substance in terms of effects, use can result in adverse health consequences. It can also affect performance at work or school, and will often cause conflict within relationships.

Marijuana’s ability to cause physical dependence may be still up for debate, but the truth is, it may be a tough habit to quit on your own. Chronic users do report withdrawal symptoms when they try to stop using. For this reason and others, professional treatment may be the best option for some people.

Midwood Addiction Treatment offers comprehensive programs intended to treat all aspects of drug abuse and mental health. Using a holistic approach, we provide clients with the tools and support they need to experience a full recovery.

Our services include those clinically-proven to be beneficial in the treatment of addiction, such as the following:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Individual therapy
  • Group therapy
  • Peer support groups
  • Medication-assisted treatment
  • Health and wellness
  • Substance abuse education
  • Art and music therapy
  • Aftercare planning

If you or someone you love is struggling to quit using marijuana or other substances, contact us today!

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Do You Need a Marijuana Detox?

Marijuana Detox | Midwood Addiction Treatment Center

According to SAMHSA, 1 in 10 people who use marijuana will become addicted. While this amount may be low in relative to some other drugs, statistics mean nothing to a person who has developed this problem. And while marijuana’s potential for chemical dependence may be under debate, there’s no question that chronic users can encounter withdrawal symptoms when they try to quit.

For this reason, many people who have become addicted to marijuana can benefit from undergoing a medical detox. During this process, they will be cared for in a clinical environment, where they can be monitored by medical staff and prevented from relapsing.

Benefits of Marijuana Detox

Marijuana detox may be needed for those struggling with marijuana abuse wanting to eliminate THC from their system. People seeking employment who use marijuana may be disqualified from a job if they fail to pass a drug test. Above all, people using marijuana with other substances like heroin, cocaine, or alcohol can benefit from Marijuana detox, because polydrug abuse leads to the most significant risks.

Is Marijuana Detox Really Needed?

While many believe that marijuana is not an addictive drug, studies have found that withdrawal symptoms may occur as a result of heavy marijuana use. The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports that 1 in 10 people will become addicted to marijuana and that 30% of marijuana users suffer from a marijuana use disorder.

Perhaps due in part to the legalization of medical marijuana, there was a 2.3 million increase in people who use marijuana between 2006-2012. In fact, 18% of those entering rehab in 2009 were seeking treatment at least partially for an addiction to marijuana.

Marijuana has the potential for abuse because the drug affects levels of dopamine in the brain. If a person smoking marijuana cannot attend to daily responsibilities such as school or work because they are high, this may indicate a substance use disorder. Likewise, the same would be true for those who are combining marijuana with other drugs, having legal problems surrounding drug use, and engaging in compulsive drug-seeking despite the incurrence of adverse consequences.

Marijuana Withdrawal

When a person develops a dependence or addiction to marijuana, they will most likely encounter withdrawal symptoms when they try to quit. While some people who use cannabis can wean themselves off of it, heavy users will probably experience some discomfort.

Common symptoms include the following:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Decreased appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Restlessness
  • Dizziness
  • Irritability
  • Anger
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Vivid dreams and nightmares
  • Mood swings

Marijuana Detox | Midwood Addiction Treatment Center

Marijuana Timeline for Withdrawal

Marijuana withdrawal symptoms typically develop in 2-3 days following last use. They may persist for 2 to 3 weeks. People can expect to feel irritable and have drug cravings with the first few days. It is during this time that many people relapse.

By day 4, there is usually some improvement, and this trend continues for up to two weeks. After this time, if a person continues to have symptoms, they will be mild at most.

Benefits of a Medical Detox

Undergoing a medical detox for marijuana can prevent the following:

  • Hallucinations
  • Panic attacks
  • Paranoia
  • Extreme feelings of hunger
  • Poor focus and memory
  • Poor decision-making
  • Paranoia
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Impaired coordination
  • Slowed reaction time
  • Weight gain
  • Lung infections

Marijuana detox will undoubtedly benefit anyone who is suffering from abuse of this drug. However, the process can be particularly helpful for those who also have:

  • Mental health disorders
  • A high marijuana tolerance
  • Polysubstance abuse disorders
  • A history of substance abuse
  • Genetic predisposition to substance abuse
  • Medical problems related to marijuana use
  • Pending legal or custody matters
  • A need to find new employment

Detox can also help pregnant women who need to rid their body of marijuana so it cannot adversely affect their unborn child. Indeed, marijuana abuse can endanger a fetus and increase the risk that he or she will have developmental problems. These include low birth weight and learning disabilities.

Even after the baby is born, chemicals are released into the bloodstream and can be passed to the baby through breastfeeding. Also, marijuana’s active ingredient, THC is stored in the body fat, and slowly released over time. So, a mother who smoked at any point shortly before or during pregnancy may still be passing THC on to her unborn child.

Getting Help for Marijuana Abuse

Marijuana detox is rarely dangerous, but undergoing detox for heavy marijuana use could be challenging—it is more uncomfortable and more likely to result in relapse. If someone’s use is severe and problematic, a medically-assisted detox is usually the best option—this is especially true if the abuse of other substances is involved.

Midwood Addiction Treatment offers state-of-the-art detox services, which are usually closely followed by treatment in one of our comprehensive programs. We employ highly-skilled addiction specialists who deliver evidence-based therapies, including psychotherapy, counseling, group support, and more.

If you or someone you love is struggling with marijuana abuse or addiction, contact us today! Discover how we help people overcome drug use and begin to reclaim the healthy and fulfilling lives they deserve!

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What Is Tweaking?

What is Tweaking? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Tweaking is the 4th stage that meth users experience, and is also the most dangerous. The condition occurs when the user has come to the end of a meth binge, and the drug is no longer is providing the user with the desired rush or a high.

Methamphetamine (meth) is a potent and addictive stimulant drug that can have long-term effects on a user’s body. Meth is a human-made drug that, with the arrival of other more effective and less harmful prescription stimulants, currently has minimal therapeutic use in rare cases of difficult-to-treat ADHD and severe obesity.

Crystal meth is methamphetamine in the form of a semi-transparent white or bluish rock-like crystal, which is usually heated and then smoked in a glass pipe – less commonly it is snorted or injected. The desired effects of both meth and crystal meth effects include increased energy, euphoria, and suppressed appetite.

What Is Tweaking?

Tweaking is a physical and psychological state that can occur following a meth binge, which can sometimes last several days. During a binge, the person continues to use meth to delay the “comedown,” a state that is hallmarked by the increasing loss of desired effects, and positions the user squarely at the onset of highly unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.

After prolonged use, the person is no longer able to experience a high, and the user begins “tweaking.” At this time, the person will feel intense cravings and desperation that can no longer be sated. It is at this point that psychotic symptoms may manifest and the user begins to suffer from delusions, hallucinations, and other altered perceptions.

The experience of a tweaking phase precedes a point in which many users seek and enter addiction treatment programs. Due to psychosis, they may begin sobriety in an inpatient mental health facility before being transferred to medical detox or inpatient rehab.

After experiencing days of insomnia and a loss of appetite, most people do little more than sleep during the days following an episode of tweaking. After this crash comes a period – one that can last up to two weeks – in which the person will be hungry, thirsty, and fatigued as their body tries to re-balance itself after exposure to the substance.

Short-Term Effects of Using Meth

What is Tweaking? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Prolonged use of meth can result in severe anxiety, paranoia, and insomnia. Additionally, thoughts of suicide or violence against others have manifested in some users.

People that use meth are typically looking for the immediate, long-lasting and intense effects for which the drug has gained its reputation. Because meth acts as a powerful stimulant, there is a near-instant euphoric effect after exposure that can last up to 30 minutes, followed by a significant increase in energy, alertness, motivation, and confidence that can last for up to 12 hours.

The desirable high of meth, however, quickly gives way to the much less pleasant effects of the substance – even short-term use can result in erratic and violent behavior when consumed in large doses.

Other side effects of crystal meth include:

  • Poor appetite and weight loss
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Severe mood swings
  • Unpredictable behavior
  • Tremors or convulsions
  • Hyperthermia
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Increased heart rate
  • Irregular heart rhythm

Long-Term Effects Of Using Meth

When used for a prolonged period, meth use can result in severe physical and psychological issues as acute effects increase in intensity.

Signs and symptoms of long-term meth use include:

  • Cardiac Arrest
  • Stroke
  • Coma
  • Sores from skin-picking
  • Confusion/bizarre behavior
  • A feeling of bugs crawling on the skin
  • Psychosis—delusions, hallucinations, and paranoia
  • Depression, anxiety, and social isolation
  • Breathing problems caused by smoke inhalation
  • Irreversible damage to blood vessels in the heart and brain

Chronic Methamphetamine use can also cause outward signs of premature aging. Because the drug damages tissues and blood vessels and hinders the body’s capacity to heal, users often develop acne and other skin blemishes, and the skin begins to lose its elasticity. “Meth mouth” is a condition that is characterized by the widespread deterioration of teeth and gum disease.

Meth Dependency

Because meth use causes the brain to release an increased amount of dopamine – a chemical responsible for feelings of reward and pleasure – the drug has a high potential for addiction.

Researchers believe this elevated activity of dopamine plays a vital role in the development of chemical addiction to certain drugs. Moreover, the positive feelings produced by excessive dopamine are so powerful and intensely rewarding that it reinforces the behavior that was the catalyst for its release.

As users build a tolerance to meth, they need increasing amounts of the drug to experience the desired effects, putting themselves at risk for overdose and continuing to fuel the body’s dependency on it.

After prolonged use, dopamine receptor activity becomes impaired and can cause the user to experience decreased happiness and pleasure (dysphoria) and even result in irreversible cognitive impairment.

Symptoms Of Meth Withdrawal

  • Itchy eyes
  • Sleep difficulties
  • Increased appetite
  • Feelings of depression and anxiety
  • Intense drug cravings
  • Loss of energy and fatigue

Getting Help For Meth Addiction

Tweaking is dangerous and withdrawing from meth can be very unpleasant and may compel users to relapse in an attempt to relieve symptoms. Participating in a medically supervised detox program, however, can ensure that symptoms are managed and relapse is prevented.

Ideally, successful medical detox should be followed by a long-term stay at a residential rehab program or participation in a structured and intensive outpatient program.

Residential or inpatient programs can be very effective at treating addiction, as they allow the person to concentrate on recovery with minimal distractions and temptations. Most programs range from 30-90 days, but some may offer longer stays for more severe cases of addiction.

You can reclaim the life you deserve and enjoy long-lasting wellness and sobriety! Contact us today and find out how we can help!

Our Approach To Addiction Treatment
We provide a comprehensive, holistic method to treatment, encompassing a wide array of different evidence-based practices in combination. All of Midwood Addiction Treatment’s primary therapists are either licensed or master’s level clinicians.

Our programs are structured with various components of evidence-based treatment practices and holistic approaches to treatment that provide our patients with the knowledge and tools they need to be successful in their recovery.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.

Call us now to learn about our treatment options.

888-MAT-1110
⟹ READ THIS NEXT: Signs of Meth Use

 

How Long Does Tramadol Stay in Your System?

How Long Does Tramadol Stay in Your System? | Midwood Addiction

Tramadol can be identified in the body using the following tests:

  • Urine, which can detect use within two hours of use and up to 40 hours.
  • Hair follicles, which can detect use for up to 90 days, possibly longer.*
  • Saliva and blood, both of which can detect use for 24 hours.

*Duration is approximate. One study found tramadol in a person’s system after seven months.

The process of tramadol elimination begins in the liver, and it has a half-life of 5-6 hours. One metabolite created during this process has a longer half-life of 8 hours. A drug’s half-life is the amount of time it takes for a person’s system to clear half of the consumed substance.

Individual factors can affect how long tramadol and its metabolites remain in the system, including the following:

  • Age
  • Weight
  • Metabolic rate
  • Hydration levels
  • Amount used
  • Duration of use

How Is Tramadol Used?

Like other opioids, tramadol works by attaching to and activating opioid receptors in the brain and body. When tramadol binds to certain receptors, a person’s perception of pain is altered, and, as a result, the person experiences pain relief.

Tramadol is also a monoamine reuptake inhibitor, which means that it increases the availability of chemicals in the body that induce feelings of well-being, such as serotonin. This effect is thought to contribute to its effectiveness as a pain reliever.

The effects of immediate-release tramadol will be experienced for about 4–6 hours. Extended-release tramadol can produce effects that last for about 12-24 hours.

Is Tramadol Misused?

When used as prescribed, tramadol is a relatively safe and effective medication that can help people who experience pain. Abuse of this drug, however, increases the risk of dependence and addiction.

The non-medical use or abuse of tramadol is hazardous and can result in an overdose. Abuse includes using tramadol more often, in higher doses, or for longer than directed. It also includes tampering with tramadol, such as crushing pills and snorting the residue.

Tramadol may also be a product of drug diversion. Moreover, a person may receive the drug from friends or relatives and use it without a prescription. It may also be purchased on the black market.

The Food and Drug Administration includes a warning label on tramadol packaging. It states that it has a potential for abuse and that use of this medication can lead to physical and psychological dependence. There is a higher risk of this occurring for those who have a history of substance abuse.

Overdose

One of the most dangerous risks of abuse is an overdose, which can be lethal. Symptoms of a tramadol overdose include the following:

  • Seizures
  • Constricted pupils
  • Uncontrollable vomiting
  • Low blood pressure
  • Slow heart rate
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Profoundly depressed breathing
  • Cold and clammy skin
  • Bluish tinted skin
  • Severe drowsiness
  • Stupor
  • Coma

The risk of a lethal overdose is increased if tramadol is used in combination with other depressant substances, such as alcohol, benzodiazepines, or other opioids. An overdose is a medical emergency. If you witness signs of an overdose in someone, call 911 immediately.

Tramadol Detox

How Long Does Tramadol Stay in Your System? | Midwood Addiction

Withdrawal symptoms will onset after about 12 hours after last use. These will peak in intensity within 1­-3 days after the last use then recede by approximately one week.

Withdrawal symptoms can include the following:

  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Pupil dilation
  • Goosebumps
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Watery eyes
  • Runny nose
  • Muscle pain

Medical detox may be beneficial for those with a tramadol dependence. In a supervised environment, the person undergoing withdrawal is monitored for potential health complications and can receive emotional support. Medication-assisted treatment to reduce withdrawal symptoms, such as the administration of Suboxone, may be provided as well.

Getting Help for Tramadol Addiction

Fortunately, there are many treatment programs available to help those in need to navigate through the addiction recovery process. Midwood Addiction Treatment is a specialized rehab facility that offers treatment in both partial-hospitalization and outpatient formats.

Treatment is hallmarked by psychotherapy, counseling, and group support, and it may also include medication-assisted treatment. We also offer substance abuse education, health and wellness programs, and aftercare planning, among other services.

Co-occurring conditions, such as mental illness or chronic pain, can also be addressed in a rehab program. This integrated treatment is essential to reduce the likelihood of relapse and improves the overall physical and mental well-being of those in recovery.

Our team of caring addiction specialists is committed to ensuring that each client receives all of the tools they need to fully recover from addiction. We believe that every person deserves a chance to be happy, regardless of their past mistakes.

If you or someone you love is struggling with addiction to Tramadol, other drugs, or alcohol, contact us today!

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What Is Marijuana Withdrawal?

Marijuana Withdrawal | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Despite the belief of some that marijuana doesn’t cause physical dependence, many people who go through detox report experiencing unpleasant symptoms. Although these symptoms aren’t particularly severe, they may compel some people to continue using and abandon the attempt to quit.

Marijuana Withdrawal

Symptoms of marijuana withdrawal syndrome may include the following:

  • Headaches
  • Shakiness
  • Fever and chills
  • Low appetite and weight loss
  • Extreme sweating
  • Restlessness
  • Stomach pain
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Tiredness during the day

Some people primarily experience negative emotional states, such as irritability, anger, anxiety, or depression.

How long do symptoms last?

The duration and intensity of symptoms from marijuana will vary between individuals. Those with a more severe addiction will experience worse withdrawal symptoms. The physical effect should last only a few days, but emotional symptoms can persist for months.

Unlike many other drugs, THC (the active chemical in marijuana) is stored in the fat cells. Therefore, it takes longer to be fully eliminated from the body than most other commonly abused substances, whose active ingredients are usually water-soluble. This means that some parts of the body will still retain THC even after a couple of months, rather than just a few days or weeks.

What are the most common emotional symptoms?

Insomnia is the most common symptom of marijuana withdrawal. This can result in the inability to sleep for a few nights, or up to a few months of transient sleeplessness.

The second most common negative symptom is depression, followed by vivid dreams or nightmares. Marijuana use tends to impede the brain’s dreaming mechanism, and therefore, withdrawal can induce vivid, highly emotional dreams or nightmares. These may begin after a few days and typically last a month before they subside.

Dreams about using marijuana are very common. They may last for years and are considered a normal part of recovery. Another common symptom of withdrawal is irritability and anger. These feelings can range from a slow-burning rage to persistent agitation, or even to sudden, unpredictable outbursts of anger.

Emotional jags are also common, with emotions vacillating between anger, depression, and euphoria. Occasionally people experience fear or anxiety and decreased or increased sex drive. Most of these symptoms will subside to normal levels by three months.

A lack of concentration for the first week to month may also occur, and this sometimes affects a person’s ability to learn for a brief time.

Marijuana Withdrawal | Midwood Addiction Treatment

What are the most common physical symptoms?

The most frequently reported physical symptom is headaches. For those who experience them, they can last for a few weeks up to a couple of months. The first few days they may be very intense.

The second most common physical symptom is night sweats, which can last from a few nights to a month or so. Sweating is one of the body’s natural methods of eliminating toxins.

The body may also cleanse itself by generating a phlegm-filled cough. This symptom can last for a few weeks to six months or longer.

Many in early recovery also report eating difficulties for days to weeks during withdrawal. These may include loss of appetite, digestion issues, nausea, and cramps. Most of these problems should subside after about one month.

Shaking, tremors and dizziness are also relatively common. There have been cases of recovering addicts experiencing more severe detox symptoms, but this is rare.

How can I reduce discomfort?

The best way to improve comfort and prevent relapse is to undergo withdrawal in a medical environment. However, if a person decides to do this at home, these tips that may help the process:

1. Drink plenty of water and clear liquids.

2. Cranberry juice has been used or years by recovery houses to help detox and the body.

3. Excessive sweating can drain the body of potassium, a vital mineral. For this reason, it may be beneficial to eat foods high in potassium such as bananas, melons, citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables, and tomatoes.

4. Eliminate fat from the diet until digestion has improved.

5. Significantly reduce or eliminate caffeine until sleeping is more regular, and any shakiness has subsided.

6. Employ methods to help treat insomnia. Such methods may include using over-the-counter sleep aids, melatonin, or drinking warm milk or chamomile tea.

7. Exercise may be very beneficial, as it can reduce depression and other unpleasant emotions, and it helps the body accelerate the healing process. Also, it may promote improved sleep.

Treating Marijuana Withdrawal and Addiction

Although marijuana dependence may not prove to be as serious as that of other substances, such as heroin or meth, it can result in adverse consequences. Those who wish to recover are encouraged to enroll in a treatment program that can help with detox and address the underlying causes of abuse or addiction.

Midwood Addiction Treatment offers integrated programs that include services vital to recovery, including psychotherapy, counseling, group support, aftercare planning, and more.

If you are struggling with drug abuse, contact us today to discuss treatment options. We can help you end the cycle of addiction for life!

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Methadone Withdrawal and Detox

Methadone Withdrawal and Detox | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Methadone is a synthetic opioid used in medication-assisted treatment to help people quit the use of heroin or other opiates. It should be used as part of a comprehensive treatment program that also includes counseling and participation in social support programs.

When used as directed, methadone can relieve the symptoms of opioid withdrawal and decrease opioid cravings. Less commonly, methadone may be prescribed for pain management to those who have been unable to find relief with other opioids.

Although methadone can help a person overcome addictions to drugs like heroin, it also has the potential for abuse and addiction. Detractors of methadone use contend that it is essentially like trading one drug for another. However, the truth is that methadone is effective at reducing the harm done from more powerful opioids, as long as it is used correctly.

Becoming dependent is common with long term methadone use. If a person with a dependency stops using it, they will encounter unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. The best way to manage withdrawal is through a gradual reduction in dosage or professional detox treatment.

Methadone Withdrawal at Home

When a person abruptly stops using opiates, the withdrawal process isn’t usually life-threatening. However, if a person uses methadone in large amounts or over a prolonged period, stopping the use of this drug can result in severe symptoms. These include depression and suicidal thoughts, which are most safely managed in a clinical setting.

Attempting to withdraw from methadone at-home is not only uncomfortable but potentially dangerous. Detoxing from methadone abruptly or “cold turkey” is not recommended, especially if the person is a chronic and/or excessive user. Medical supervision can ease withdrawal symptoms, prevent relapse, and reduce the risk of suicidal thoughts.

Methadone Withdrawal Symptoms

Methadone Withdrawal and Detox | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Methadone withdrawal symptoms can onset within 30 hours of the last use. Withdrawal from methadone is slow and may last for a few weeks or longer.

Symptoms associated with methadone withdrawal include the following:

  • Anxiety or depression
  • Fatigue
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Accelerated heart rate
  • Sweating
  • Teary eyes or a runny nose
  • Chills
  • Excessive yawning
  • Insomnia
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Drug cravings

The first signs of methadone withdrawal are frequently described as flu-like symptoms.

Methadone Withdrawal Timeline

Within about 36 hours following the last dose of methadone, many people begin to encounter withdrawal symptoms. This process can take days to weeks. The first few days of withdrawal is referred to as the acute phase.

Early symptoms of withdrawal likely to onset include rapid heartbeat, chills, and cold sweats. Shortly thereafter, some of the most unpleasant withdrawal symptoms may also occur. These may consist of physical symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, body aches and pain, and increased anxiety. Most of the worst physical symptoms of withdrawal, such as nausea and vomiting, will have subsided after 7-10 days.

The stage after acute withdrawal is called post-acute withdrawal. Many of these symptoms are emotional and may include depression, anxiety, and irritability. Difficulty concentrating and fatigue are also effects likely to persist, as well as drug cravings.

Tapering

If a tapering process is used, a person who has used methadone for a long period will need a slower, more gradual weaning process. Shorter, less severe addictions may not need an extensive tapering process. Tapering is a method used to gradually reduce drug dosages to promote a more comfortable and safer withdrawal.

While withdrawal will depend on individual factors, there is a standard process for weaning off methadone. It is not recommended to reduce dosages faster than 5 mg of methadone per week. Many methadone taper program will use a dose reduction of 10% every two weeks.

How Long Does Methadone Withdrawal Last?

The length of withdrawal from methadone depends on several factors. These include the length of time used, size of the dosage, and the preferred method of consumption.

A person who uses methadone as directed for three months will likely encounter a relatively short withdrawal process. Conversely, a person who has been abusing methadone for a year or more will be more likely to experience a more intense, extended withdrawal period.

Medication-Assisted Treatment

Fortunately, there are several medications available that can ease the methadone withdrawal process.

Suboxone is a synthetic drug like methadone. Its use can decrease methadone withdrawal symptoms and reduce the length of the withdrawal process. It is designed to increase the comfort of patients during withdrawal, which in turn can decrease the risk of relapse.

Clonidine is another medication often used to reduce emotional symptoms that may occur during detox. Clonidine is approved for the treatment of high blood pressure, but it can also mitigate anxiety and agitation. It may also be helpful for physical symptoms like body aches and runny nose.

During the withdrawal process, Zofran is sometimes also used to treat physical symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. Managing these symptoms helps to avoid dehydration that could otherwise result from excessive vomiting.

Baclofen is a muscle relaxer that can be used to relieve muscle aches, pains, and spasms to make the patient more comfortable. By minimizing these symptoms, the patient is then more free to focus on the emotional aspects of detox and recovery.

Following detox, naltrexone may be prescribed to help patients continue with recovery. This medication reduces cravings and blocks the pleasurable effects of opioids.

Methadone Withdrawal and Detox | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Methadone Overdose Symptoms

Those who are abusing methadone in high amounts face the potential for overdose. By some estimates, 5,000 overdose deaths occur each year as a result of methadone misuse. In 2014, methadone accounted for nearly one-fourth (23%) of all opioid-related deaths.

Methadone overdose often occurs because the drug stays in the body for a very long period. For this reason, those in treatment programs are only given a few doses per day. Accumulation of successive doses can have lethal consequences.

Signs of a methadone overdose include the following:

  • Low blood pressure
  • Very weak pulse
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Blue lips and fingernails
  • Constricted/pinpoint pupils
  • Dizziness or sloppy behavior
  • Body spasms at irregular intervals
  • Absence of breathing or consciousness

A methadone overdose can result in profound central nervous system depression and death. If you witness someone overdosing on methadone, seek emergency medical help immediately.

Treatment for Methadone Addiction

Supervised withdrawal at a medical detox facility is the best way to ensure that the patient is supported and comfortable. By withdrawing from methadone in a clinical environment, people avoid the worst of the symptoms.

Often, other medications such as Suboxone can be used to treat opioid dependency. Addiction specialists can prescribe buprenorphine for people as they transition away from a methadone dependence. Buprenorphine is a partial opioid with much less potential for abuse.

Detox should be immediately followed by addiction treatment that features therapies essential for recovery, including the following:

  • Psychotherapy
  • Individual/family counseling
  • Peer group support
  • Health and wellness education
  • Aftercare planning
  • Dual diagnosis treatment for co-occurring mental health conditions

Midwood Addiction Treatment offers comprehensive programs that provide clients with the tools and support they need to overcome addiction and prevent relapse. We believe that every person is entitled to receive the most effective treatment currently available.

If you or someone you love is struggling with the use of methadone, other drugs, or alcohol, contact us today! Discover how we help people who need it most break free from the cycle of addiction for good!

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Phentermine and Alcohol

Phentermine and Alcohol | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Are Phentermine and Alcohol Safe to Combine? – Phentermine (Adipex-P, Pro-Fast) is a weight loss agent prescribed by health providers to help their patients lose weight. It’s primarily used among those who are obese or who have medical conditions are related to being overweight.

Phentermine is in of a class of drugs known as sympathomimetic amines.

When a patient uses phentermine, the drug will activate the release of three hormones in their body: epinephrine, adrenaline, and norepinephrine. This action suppresses a person’s appetite, and therefore, they tend to eat less. It may also increase a person’s energy and activity levels.

Phentermine is classified by the FDA as a schedule IV controlled substance and is designed for short-term use. It’s generally only prescribed for people with a body mass index (BMI) of greater than 30.

Side effects of phentermine may include:

  • Decreased libido
  • Bowel movement issues
  • Dry mouth
  • False sense of well-being
  • Itching
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Skin redness and hives
  • Insomnia
  • Gastrointestinal issues
  • Heart palpitations
  • Hyperactivity
  • Tremors and restlessness

More severe side effects include dizziness, fainting, chest pain, accelerated heart rate, headache, numbness or tingling in the extremities, and breathing problems.

Phentermine and Alcohol Abuse

Even without combining it with alcohol, those who use phentermine may potentially abuse it or become addicted. It is a stimulant drug, and it can be used to produce a high, especially when it is used large doses. If a person takes phentermine more often or for longer than instructed, they can become dependent or addicted. They will then experience unwanted withdrawal symptoms when they try to quit.

Potentially severe phentermine withdrawal symptoms include the following:

  • Depression
  • High blood pressure
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Glaucoma
  • Memory loss
  • Heart failure
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Strokes
  • Seizures
  • Nerve damage

Phentermine and Alcohol | Midwood Addiction Treatment

NOTE: People with a prior history of drug or alcohol abuse are cautioned not to use phentermine.

Mixing Alcohol and Phentermine

Patients are generally advised against using alcohol and phentermine in conjunction with one another. The side effects of combining alcohol and phentermine are likely to be more severe than those of either substance used on its own. For example, phentermine side effects include dry mouth, nausea, sleep disturbances, and elevated heart rate and blood pressure. All of these can be made worse when the two substances are combined.

Moreover, because alcohol is known to irritate the stomach, gastrointestinal side effects are common amongst those who drink while taking phentermine. This action can lead to nausea, vomiting, stomach aches, and heartburn.

The manufacturers of phentermine caution that when consuming alcohol and phentermine, you may be at an increased risk of cardiovascular side effects, including chest pains and elevated blood pressure. Also, even having only a small amount of alcohol can increase the risk of heart attack or stroke in those who are obese or have heart disease and are using phentermine.

Using alcohol and phentermine together can increase the risk of addiction to both substances.

Both substances are addictive on their own, and, if used together, they may be more likely to be abused.

Phentermine and alcohol have two competing effects on the body. Phentermine is a central nervous system stimulant, and alcohol is a depressant. Therefore, when a person combines alcohol and phentermine, the medication may not be as effective as it would have been otherwise.

In fact, there are many ways that alcohol can undermine weight loss efforts. For one, alcohol contains a large amount of sugar and mostly empty calories. Also, it tends to make people tired and less likely to be physically active—both while drinking and the day after during a hangover. Because alcohol affects the liver, it may also make it more difficult for the body to burn fat. Finally, alcohol reduces inhibitions, and a person who is drinking may be more likely to make dietary food choices.

It is best for a patient who is using phentermine to stop drinking alcohol to minimize these risks and prevent other complications from occurring.

Treatment for Alcoholism

If you are using phentermine and feel as if you are unable to stop drinking alcohol on your own, you should consider seeking professional help. Harmony Treatment and Wellness offers comprehensive services for the treatment of alcohol and drug addiction. Our programs feature evidence-based modalities vital for the process of recovery, including psychotherapy, counseling, psychoeducation, peer support groups, medication-assisted treatment, and more.

We employ highly-skilled staff who provide clients with the tools, resources, and support they need to experience a full recovery! We believe that everyone—regardless of their addiction—is entitled to happiness and wellness. We urge those who need help to reach out as soon as possible!

If you or someone you love is struggling with alcohol abuse and are ready to begin a new life, contact us today! We are dedicated to helping people liberate themselves from the chains of addiction for life!

Modafinil vs. Adderall

Modafinil vs. Adderall | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Modafinil vs. Adderall – Modafinil (Provigil) and Adderall (an amphetamine) are both prescribed for the treatment of narcolepsy. They are also sometimes used recreationally as study and productivity aids. However, there are significant differences in their structures that equate to massive differences in their potential for abuse, addiction, and risk of side effects.

Adderall is classified by the Controlled Substances Act as a Schedule II controlled substance, while Modafinil is a Schedule IV. This distinction reflects Adderall’s higher capacity for abuse and dependence.

Modafinil and Adderall both have stimulating effects, but Modafinil is not classified as a stimulant. Either drug can improve wakefulness and decision-making capabilities. Yet, despite their use as so-called “smart drugs” or “study drugs,” evidence does not suggest that they indeed make people smarter.

Adderall is more likely than Modafinil to result in dependence and produce withdrawal symptoms if use is stopped abruptly. Also, Adderall has comparatively worse side effects. Neither drug should be used with alcohol, however, and both have the potential to impact heart function.

Modafinil vs. Adderall: Structures and Uses

Modafinil

Modafinil has a unique chemical structure—it is not considered a stimulant, though it does have stimulant-like effects. It has been shown to improve alertness, wakefulness, thinking, and perception. Experts aren’t entirely sure about Modafinil’s mechanism of action. However, they believe that it enhances the effects of several chemicals in the brain, including dopamine, serotonin, glutamate, GABA, and histamine.

Research has not identified any significant withdrawal effects for Modafinil. That said, any stimulant-type drug enforces drug-using behavior to some level and may have potential for dependence. People have reported experiencing reduced energy, a loss of motivation, and depression when they stop using Modafinil. Therefore, a person should be placed on a tapering schedule if it has been used for an extended period.

The Food and Drug Administration approves Modafinil for the treatment of narcolepsy. It is also used to treat extreme sleepiness caused by obstructive sleep apnea. Off-label it’s used to improve alertness in those with Parkinson’s Disease and Multiple Sclerosis.

It is sometimes recreationally abused by students, executives, and others to stave off sleep deprivation and fatigue. Although it is not approved for the treatment of ADHD, it is often prescribed for it. And, one study suggested it helps mitigate impulsivity in those with ADHD.

Side Effects

Side effects encountered with Modafinil are generally considered mild. However, Modafinil can elevate heart rate and blood pressure, so it should not be used by people with a history of certain heart problems. Headache and nausea are other common complaints.

Other rarer side effects include rhinitis, nervousness, anxiety, back pain, insomnia, and gastrointestinal issues. And, Modafinil is known to counteract the effectiveness of some hormonal contraceptives.

Although Modafinil has been prescribed for more than two decades, experts are unsure how prolonged use affects the brain. Some experts voice concerns with regard to its potential for causing chronic sleep deprivation, inability to sleep, increased antisocial inclinations, and emotional suppression.

Modafinil vs. Adderall | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Adderall

Adderall is the trade name for a combination tablet containing amphetamine and dextroamphetamine that is most often prescribed to treat people with ADHD or narcolepsy. As a true stimulant, it boosts the concentration of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. However, Adderall’s precise mechanism of action used for treating these conditions is not fully understood.

Adderall has also gained notoriety as one of the most popular recreational study drugs. It’s also frequently abused by people who work long hours for the purpose of staying awake and alert.

Side Effects

Compared to Modafinil, Adderall has a broader range of side effects, which some people will experience more intensely than others. The most common side effects of Adderall include the following:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Dry mouth
  • Insomnia
  • Headache and muscle strain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Temporarily increased blood pressure

Problems with sexual functioning, a reduction in the growth rate of children, rapid heart rate, and nervousness have also been reported.

Some people are more susceptible to the effects of stimulants than others. They may experience confused thought processes, regardless of what dose they use. Psychological side effects linked to Adderall use include hearing voices, becoming suspicious for no reason, and mania. Adderall can also worsen symptoms in those already experiencing psychotic disorder or bipolar disorder.

Adderall should not be used by people with a history of drug or alcohol problems. It can cause tolerance and dependence and has the potential for abuse and addiction. If Adderall is suddenly discontinued, this may result in withdrawal symptoms, which include extreme fatigue, depression, and sleep disturbances.

Neither Should Be Used With Alcohol

Neither Adderall or Modafinil should be combined with alcohol. Although these drugs are both stimulants and alcohol is a depressant, using them together does not counteract the effects of either. Instead, it sends the brain conflicting messages.

People have reported blacking out after only small amounts of alcohol while using Modafinil. Also, some people who have used a standard dose of Adderall in conjunction with alcohol have ended up in the emergency room.

Both Modafinil and Adderall can adversely affect the heart and blood pressure. Combining them with alcohol increases the risk of arrhythmia and other heart problems.

Are They Really “Smart Drugs”?

Modafinil vs. Adderall | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Several studies have tried to find out if Modafinil does improve cognition, with mixed results. In general, subjects reported feeling more alert, attentive, and energetic while on the drug. In one 2003 study, some improvements in specific memory tasks, such as visual recognition, were reported.

A 2014 study also showed enhancements in impulsive decision-making, but no difference in the accuracy of performance. Modafinil was found to improve attention, learning, decision-making, and planning in a review of more than two dozen studies. However, it did not appear to make a difference for working memory or understanding different perspectives. It also adversely impacted creativity in a few studies.

Adderall has been used for study purposes based on the fact that stimulants used to treat ADHD can help improve attention. However, there hasn’t been much research conducted to find out if Adderall actually improves cognition in those without ADHD. Overall, studies showed only minor improvement at best, with some revealing no effect or an adverse effect.

While Adderall may promote wakefulness and performance in certain settings, it does not improve overall intelligence. Furthermore, any short-term enhancements in alertness experienced by those without ADHD or narcolepsy are offset by withdrawal symptoms, adverse side effects, and the potential for the development of addiction.

Treatment for Stimulant Abuse

Both Modafinil and Adderall are prescription drugs and should only be taken as directed by a doctor. Those who use these drugs recreationally risk encountering side effects and health complications unnecessarily. They also risk developing a dependence that will result in withdrawal symptoms when they try to quit.

Midwood Addiction Treatment offers comprehensive programs designed to treat substance abuse, including stimulant abuse. We employ caring, highly-trained addiction professionals who render services to clients with compassion and expertise. Services include those clinically-proven to be beneficial to the recovery process, such as the following:

If you or someone you know is abusing Modafinil, Adderall, other drugs, or alcohol, contact us today! Find out how we help people break free from the chains of addiction for life!