What Is Adderall Withdrawal?

What Is Adderall Withdrawal? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Adderall is a stimulant prescribed to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). While this medication can be very effective at easing the symptoms of ADHD, it has a high potential for abuse and addiction. Many people abuse Adderall for it’s energy-increasing, euphoric effects by taking it without a prescription.

People who use Adderall for prolonged periods face the risk of becoming physically dependent. When this happens, a tolerance develops, which means that the user must take increasingly large doses of Adderall to achieve the desired effect.

Those who have developed a tolerance to Adderall frequently feel like the drug doesn’t help them concentrate or increase energy like it once did. However, if they stop using the drug, they have difficulty thinking or functioning normally.

These are the first stages of withdrawal – Adderall withdrawal is the result of the body attempting to reestablish balance without exposure to the drug. While withdrawal from Adderall is seldom dangerous on its own, it may be related to suicidal thoughts in some.

Symptoms of Adderall Withdrawal

Unsurprisingly, Adderall withdrawal symptoms are essentially the opposite of the drug’s sought-after effects. While Adderall improves concentration and produces euphoria and energy, the crash that follows after someone stops using the drug causes a reversal of these effects.

Common Adderall withdrawal symptoms include:

  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Headaches
  • Oversleeping
  • Insomnia
  • Increased appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Nightmares
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Achiness
  • Anxiety
  • Suicidal thoughts

Duration of Adderall Withdrawal

The duration of withdrawal symptoms from Adderall will be different for everyone. Some people experience a cessation of symptoms in as little as five days, whereas it may take weeks or more for others.

The most significant factors that can affect the duration of withdrawal are the average dose consumed as well as the frequency of use and duration. Moreover, people who used larger doses, more frequently and for a longer period can reasonably expect withdrawal symptoms to last longer.

Prolonged Withdrawal Symptoms – Adderall IR and Adderall XR

There are two types of Adderall: instant and extended-release. Regular Adderall, or Adderall IR, is an instant-release medication that generally lasts for up to six hours, while Adderall XR (extended-release) is used for around-the-clock treatment.

Because Adderall IR begins working almost immediately and its effects subside after several hours, it clears the body quickly. Comparatively, Adderall XR accumulates and stays in the body longer, and thus the duration of withdrawal is different for these two types of drugs.

People who have been using regular Adderall start feeling withdrawal sooner than those who have been using Adderall XR. Also, withdrawal from Adderall XR may persist weeks longer than withdrawal from Adderall IR because it takes longer for the body to detox.

Adderall Withdrawal Timeline

6 hours to 3 Days

The first symptoms of withdrawal can manifest within the first few hours after the last dose. Many people encounter the crash of stimulant withdrawal during this time, hallmarked by intense fatigue and depression.

Days 3-5

Symptoms intensify and tend to peak during the first week, including irritability, depression, and fatigue. Some people also experience headaches and nightmares.

Days 5-7

Symptoms of withdrawal begin to abate, and the person usually begins to feel better after about five days. Many people are still moody, however, and incapable of functioning normally in social settings. Psychological symptoms, such as depression, may continue after this period but are usually much milder.

Weeks 3-4

In some instances, people have reported feeling the effects of withdrawal from Adderall weeks after their last dose. These persistent effects can occur to those with a particularly high tolerance and who have been using the drug for more than one year.

Adderall Detox

What Is Adderall Withdrawal? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Detox is the process of releasing a drug from the user’s system. Once Adderall clears the body, the symptoms of withdrawal onset. Because these symptoms can make it challenging to function in daily life, some people benefit from help during detox avoiding any triggers that could cause a relapse.

Adderall detox often makes use of a tapering down strategy in which the patient’s dose is gradually decreased over time to minimize the symptoms of withdrawal. Addiction specialists at rehabs can help Adderall users appropriately reduce their doses.

Recovering from an Adderall Addiction

Undergoing withdrawal from Adderall is rarely dangerous, but for many, it’s not easy to achieve alone. Many people relapse during the withdrawal period in an effort to avert the highly unpleasant withdrawal symptoms and cravings.

Drug addiction is a serious and life-altering disease that wreaks havoc on the person suffering as well as their loved ones. Persons who are abusing or addicted to Adderall or other stimulants are urged to seek help as soon as possible.

Our center offers comprehensive treatment programs that include essential, clinically-proven therapeutic services such as psychotherapy, psychoeducation, counseling, group support, and more. We employ caring addiction specialists who provide clients with the knowledge and support they so desperately need to achieve abstinence and enjoy long-lasting wellness and sobriety.

You don’t have to battle through addiction alone – you can experience a joyful and fulfilling life! Call us today to find out how!

List of Schedule I Drugs

List of Schedule I Drugs | Midwood Addiction Treatment

List of Schedule I Drugs – The U.S. government controls the creation, possession, distribution, and use of certain substances that are considered to have a potential for abuse and addiction. These drugs are also known as controlled substances, and they range from illegal street drugs, such as heroin, to legal medication that requires a prescription to obtain.

In 1970, the Controlled Substances Act was passed by Congress. This legislation was meant to classify drugs by two main criteria: their potential for abuse and dependency and accepted medical use. The substances were categorized into five distinct schedules, and also defined was significant legal consequences for producing, distributing, or diverting any of those substances outside of the new legal structure.

What is a Schedule I Drug?

According to the Drug Enforcement Administration, Schedule I substances do not possess known medical benefits and have a very high potential for addiction. Commonly known as “street drugs,” some of these, such as heroin, are considered to be among the most dangerous of all controlled substances.

List of Schedule I Drugs

The following is a complete list of Schedule I drugs:

Heroin (Diacetylmorphine)

List of Schedule I Drugs | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Heroin is an opioid drug derived from morphine, a natural substance taken from the pod of opium poppy plants grown in parts of Asia, Mexico, and Colombia. Heroin can be a white or brown powder, or a black sticky substance the aptly named black tar heroin.

Heroin can be injected, sniffed, snorted, or smoked. The desired effects are euphoria and profound relaxation and sedation.

Marijuana (cannabis, THC)

The term marijuana refers to all parts derived from the Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica plant that contain the mind-altering chemical THC and other similar compounds, including the dried leaves, flowers, seeds, and stems. Desired effects include euphoria and relaxation.

People more commonly smoke marijuana in hand-rolled cigarettes (joints), pipes, water bongs, or blunts (emptied cigars.) To avoid inhaling smoke, some people use vaporizers. People also mix marijuana with food such as brownies, cookies, or candy, or brew it as a tea.

Hallucinogens (LSD, Psilocybin, and Peyote)

Classic hallucinogens are believed to produce perception-altering effects by acting on neural circuits in the brain that use the neurotransmitter serotonin. Consuming hallucinogenic drugs can cause the user to see images, hear sounds, and feel sensations that appear to be real to them but do not exist.

The effects of hallucinogens such as LSD are often described as drug-induced psychosis, or the distortion or disorganization of a user’s ability to recognize reality, think rationally or communicate clearly with others.

Short-term effects of hallucinogens include the following:

  • Hallucinations, including distortions in seeing, hearing, touching, or smelling things or perceiving things that do not actually exist
  • Intensified feelings and sensory experiences, such as brighter colors
  • Mixed senses (“seeing” sounds or “hearing” colors)
  • Changes in sense or perception of time
  • Increased energy and heart rate

Specific short-term side effects of LSD, psilocybin, and peyote include the following:

LSD

  • Elevated heart rate
  • High blood pressure
  • Elevated body temperature
  • Dizziness
  • Sleepiness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dry mouth and sweating
  • Numbness and weakness
  • Tremors
  • Impulsiveness
  • Emotional volatility
Psilocybin

  • Feelings of relaxation
  • Nervousness and panic
  • Paranoia
  • Introspective/spiritual experiences
Peyote

    • Elevated body temperature and heart rate
    • Uncoordinated movements
    • Profound sweating and flushed skin
MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine or “ecstasy”)

Methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA) is a synthetic drug that alters mood and perception, including the awareness of nearby objects and conditions. MDMA is chemically similar to both hallucinogens and stimulants, and thereby produces feelings of euphoria, increased energy, emotional warmth/empathy, and distorted sensory and time perception.

People who take MDMA usually consume it as a capsule or tablet, although some swallow it in liquid form or snort the powder. Some people use MDMA in combination with other substances such as alcohol or marijuana.

Other List of Schedule I Drugs

List of Schedule I Drug | Midwood Addiction Treatment

GHB (Gamma-hydroxybutyric Acid)

GHB (Gamma Hydroxybutyrate) is a central nervous system depressant commonly referred to as a “date rape” drug. GHB is frequently abused by adolescents and young adults at bars, parties, clubs, and raves. It is an odorless, colorless drug that may be mixed with alcohol and given to unsuspecting victims before sexual assaults.

Euphoria, increased libido, and peacefulness are all reported positive effects of GHB use. Adverse effects include sweating, loss of consciousness, nausea, hallucinations, amnesia, and coma.

Of note, Xyrem (sodium oxybate) is a brand name prescription drug made from the sodium salt of gamma-hydroxybutyrate and is likewise highly regulated. Xyrem is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of narcolepsy but requires patient enrollment in a restricted access program.

Synthetic marijuana (Spice, K2)

Synthetic cannabinoids are mind-altering chemicals that are either sprayed on dried, shredded plant material for smoking or available in a liquid form that can be vaporized and inhaled.

These chemicals are referred to as cannabinoids because they are similar to chemicals in marijuana. Due to this similarity, synthetic cannabinoids are sometimes misleadingly called “synthetic marijuana,” and they are often marketed as safe alternatives to the drug. In fact, they are not safe and can affect the brain more intensely than real marijuana.

The most common way people use synthetic cannabinoids is to smoke the dried plant material, but users may also mix the sprayed plant material with marijuana or brew it as tea. Others buy the products as liquids to vaporize in e-cigarettes.

Methaqualone (Quaalude)

Quaaludes (methaqualone) are central nervous system depressants similar to barbiturates. Methaqualone is a sedative-hypnotic drug that also reduces anxiety. Quaaludes that are sold for recreational use now are synthesized in illegal laboratories.

In prescribed doses, quaaludes induce relaxation, sleepiness and sometimes a feeling of euphoria. These qualities are the reason why it was originally believed to be a useful sedative and anti-anxiety medication. They have since fallen out of use for medical purposes, however, and are now placed on the list of schedule I drugs.

Khat (Cathinone)

Khat is a stimulant similar to amphetamines that consist of leaves from the Catha edulis shrub found in Africa and southern Arabia. It contains a number of chemicals, including two controlled substances, cathinone and cathine. Desired effects of the khat leaf include relief from depression and fatigue. It is also sometimes used to reduce the need for food and sleep.

Khat looks like green and leafy shredded tobacco, and could easily be mistaken for marijuana. It is typically chewed like tobacco and can also be smoked.

Bath Salts (methylenedioxypyrovalerone or MDPV)

Synthetic cathinones, commonly known as “bath salts,” are synthetic stimulants chemically related to cathinone, a substance found in the khat plant. Human-made versions of cathinone are often much stronger than the natural product and, in some cases, may be very dangerous.

Synthetic cathinones typically take the form of a white or brown crystal-like powder and are sold in plastic or foil packages labeled “not for human consumption.” Users may swallow, snort, smoke, or inject synthetic cathinones.

Treatment for Drug Addiction

Drug abuse and addiction can be devastating conditions that adversely impact the health and well-being of those who suffer. Persons struggling with addiction are urged to participate in a rehab program that focuses on research-based treatments such as behavioral therapy, counseling, and group support.

Our center employs compassionate addiction professionals who render these services with care and expertise. We provide clients with the resources, education, and support they need to maintain abstinence indefinitely.

We can help you reclaim your life and begin to experience the happiness and harmony you deserve! Contact us today to find out how we can help you forge your path to recovery!

Alcohol Tremors: Why They Should Not Be Ignored

Alcohol Tremors | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Alcohol Tremors: Why They Should Not Be Ignored – Uncontrollable tremors or shaking of the hands or other body part is common among individuals who suffer from alcohol addiction. Much of the time, an individual with a drinking problem and has alcohol tremors is showing signs of alcohol withdrawal, but there are also other reasons why an alcoholic might be exhibiting this symptom.

Withdrawal Symptoms

Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant, and as such, reduces brain activity and energy levels. But when someone drinks large amounts of alcohol routinely, his or her body becomes accustomed to the continuous presence of alcohol.

In an attempt to counterbalance the sedative effects of alcohol, the brain releases more excitatory neurotransmitters than usual, which boosts nerve activity and keeps the body in a more alert state. These changes in brain chemistry are part of the reason why chronic heavy drinkers often don’t appear to be heavily intoxicated.

However, when a long-term drinker suddenly quits drinking, the brain continues to function as if it were still exposed to alcohol. In this accelerated state, a person will begin to feel the symptoms of withdrawal, including tremors, anxiety, sweating, an elevated heart rate, and nausea and vomiting.

Alcohol tremors and other effects of alcohol withdrawal can onset as soon as six hours after someone had their last drink. This symptom is why some alcoholics wake up shaky in the morning and need a drink – a “hair of the dog”, as it were – to feel steady again.

Some people can experience a severe form of alcohol withdrawal known as delirium tremens (DTs) that is characterized by severe shaking or tremors. Other symptoms of DTs include agitation, hallucinations, high blood pressure, fever, and seizures.

Because delirium tremens symptoms can be life-threatening, it’s often recommended that individuals quitting alcohol undergo a medically-monitored alcohol detox. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms usually peak within one to two days and usually abate within four days, although some people develop protracted alcohol withdrawal syndrome that can persist up to a year.

ARBD Can Result in Alcohol Tremors

Frequent and excessive alcohol use can also cause damage to the cerebellum, an area located near the top of the brain stem that controls balance, coordination and fine motor movement.

Alcohol-related brain damage (ARBD) to the cerebellum can lead to what’s known as an intention tremor. Intention tremor is a specific type of trembling that is most noticeable when an individual makes a deliberate or goal-oriented movement toward an object.

Other symptoms of alcohol-related cerebellar dysfunction include poor coordination and balance, clumsiness, an unsteady gait and involuntary back-and-forth eye movements known as nystagmus. Some people also incur damage to the peripheral nervous system, which may lead to muscle weakness, numbness, and burning and tingling pain in the extremities called peripheral neuropathy.

Damage to the cerebellum from drinking typically takes about a decade to occur and can be revealed on an MRI scan as shrinkage in the cerebellum. It is believed to be the result of toxic effects that alcohol has on the brain, as well as nutritional deficiencies (notably the B vitamin thiamine) common among those who suffer from alcoholism.

Once symptoms of brain damage related to alcoholism occur, they will likely continue to get worse if drinking continues. The only way to avert the worsening of symptoms is to quit alcohol, although this should not be attempted without professional medical help.

Alcohol Tremors Due to Liver Disease

Alcohol Tremors | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Alcoholism can also result in liver disease, which, in its advanced stages, can produce a characteristic flapping or trembling of the hands also known as asterixis.

While there may be few obvious symptoms in the early stages of liver disease, prolonged liver dysfunction can lead to multiple complications, including a potentially life-threatening brain disorder known as hepatic encephalopathy (HE).

Hepatic encephalopathy develops when the liver becomes unable to adequately filter toxins from the blood that can damage brain cells. As these toxins, which include ammonia, manganese, and other substances, accumulate in the brain, the person begins to suffer from sleep disturbances, mood changes and impairments in motor control, including a flapping tremor.

Also referred to as “liver flap” this alcohol tremor can often be witnessed when the person’s hands and wrists are extended outward as another person pushes back on their hands. This phenomenon, which is usually present in the early stages of hepatic encephalopathy is sometimes likened to a bird flapping its wings.

Although hepatic encephalopathy can occasionally result in coma and death, fortunately, the disease usually resolves with treatment. Regardless, the development of HE is an ominous symptom. Approximately half of all patients with liver cirrhosis die within one year of their first occurrence of HE, and 80% die of liver failure within five years.

In conclusion, shaking or tremors that occur when someone goes without a drink for several hours can indicate a physiological dependence on alcohol and withdrawal syndrome. Less commonly, it can be a sign of brain damage or liver disease. Whatever the cause, tremors should not be ignored.

Treatment for Alcohol Addiction

Alcohol addiction can lead to a number of devastating health and social problems. Individuals who suffer from alcoholism are urged to undergo outpatient detox and seek treatment at our center as soon as possible before matters get even worse.

We offer comprehensive, evidence-based services delivered by caring professionals who specialize in addiction. We provide clients with the resources and support they need to sustain long-lasting sobriety and wellness and reclaim their lives.

Contact us today to find out how we can help you on your path to recovery!

Alcohol and the Brain: The Effects

Alcohol and the Brain | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Alcohol and the Brain: The EffectsAlcohol abuse has been linked to a myriad of cognitive changes, including a loss of inhibitions, confused or abnormal thinking, and poor decision-making. Recreational alcohol users usually recover from its effects without incurring any long-term problems.

However, even a short-term loss of control over normal mental functioning can lead to legal and personal problems that would not have occurred if alcohol were not involved.

Alcohol and the Brain

Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant, and the resulting effects can be observed when a person who has been drinking exhibits slurred speech and poor limb coordination that prevents them from being able to walk correctly. Although these signs of intoxication can be easily identified, it’s not as clear how alcohol operates on a deeper level inside the brain and body.

At the neurological level, alcohol works on the receptor sites for the neurotransmitters GABA and dopamine. Alcohol’s activity on GABA causes the outward physiological effects associated with drinking, such as a reduction in movement and impaired speech. Alcohol’s effect on dopamine in the brain’s reward center induces the pleasant feelings that drive many people to continue drinking.

The extent to which alcohol affects a person’s behavior, mood, and neurological functioning depends, in part, on whether blood alcohol content (BAC) is rising or decreasing. After one or two drinks, the person may feel elated or more talkative, but with increasing amounts of alcohol in their system, they become sedated. They start to lose control of their movement, and may also experience impaired thinking and memory loss.

The variation in BAC helps to account for why a person can go from being the life of the party to requiring help with basic functioning such as walking. The following factors have also been shown to impact how alcohol affects a person’s brain functioning over time:

  • The amount a person drinks
  • How frequently a person drinks
  • The age at which drinking was initiated
  • How long a person has been consuming alcohol
  • The person’s sex, age, genetic factors, and overall health
  • If the person’s family has a history of alcoholism

Occasional Drinkers

Alcohol and the Brain | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Among occasional drinkers, alcohol can induce short-term effects after one or more drinks. Memory impairment can begin after just a few drinks and can worsen as alcohol consumption increases. A high volume of alcohol use, especially on an empty stomach, can lead to a blackout.

Occasional drinkers will most likely recover from a blackout without any persistent mental problems. However, there are a number of dangers associated with alcohol intoxication, such as participation in reckless activities like unprotected sex, aggressive or violence behavior, and impaired driving.

Moderate Drinkers

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, guidelines for moderates drinker are defined as someone who consumes one or two drinks per day (women and men respectively).

But even moderate alcohol consumption has been associated with adverse effects, such as increasing the risk of breast cancer and provoking violence, falls, drownings, and car accidents. Also, moderate drinking does not protect a person from the cognitive impairments linked with drinking or the dangerous consequences that can occur.

Excessive and Chronic Drinkers

Unlike an occasional or moderate drinker, someone who drinks excessively over a prolonged period may develop impairments in brain functioning that persist even after abstinence is attained. Moreover, cognitive problems no longer manifest from consuming alcohol, but rather from brain damage that was caused by past drinking behavior.

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, most heavy long-term alcohol abusers will eventually suffer from a mild to moderate impairment of cognitive functioning as well as diminished brain size. The most common deficits as associated with the ability to think abstractly and visuospatial skills (characterized as the ability to represent, analyze, and mentally manipulate objects).

Also, there are a number of brain disorders associated with chronic alcohol use. For instance, research suggests that up to 80% of chronic alcohol users have thiamine (B1) deficiency, and some in this group will advance to a severe brain disorder called Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS). Symptoms of WKS include confusion, impaired muscle coordination, and continual problems with memory and learning.

Fortunately, some types of cognitive impairment can be reversed by abstaining from alcohol use. Research has shown that those who have recently undergone medical detox exhibit mild but noticeable improvement in specific cognitive abilities, especially those involving visuospatial tasks, problem-solving, and short-term memory.

Through long-term abstinence, from over several months to a year, a recovering person will continue to improve cognitively, and research shows that brain volume can also increase with abstinence.

Treatment for Alcohol Addiction

Persons suffering from alcohol dependence are urged to seek long-term treatment as soon as possible before more damaging effects can occur. Our center offers evidence-based therapies including psychotherapy, psychoeducation, group support, and individual and family counseling. Clients can undergo treatment on either an inpatient or outpatient basis.

We employ caring addiction specialists who provide clients with the resources and knowledge they need to achieve abstinence and sustain long-lasting sobriety and wellness.

You CAN recover and reclaim the life you deserve. Contact us today to find out how we can help!

What is U-47700 or Pink?

U-47700

U-47700 (Pink) is a synthetic opioid “designer” drug about 7.5 times more potent than morphine.

In recent years, reports have surfaced of multiple deaths due to the use of U-47700. Its presence in the U.S. is believed to be primarily due to importation from labs in China. Pink has been found by law enforcement on the street in powder form and also as tablets. It usually appears as a white or light pinkish, chalky powder, sold in glassine bags stamped with logos mimicking heroin, in envelopes and inside knotted corners of plastic bags.

Even small doses of Pink can be toxic and potentially fatal. Labels on the products may issue statements such as “not for human consumption” or “for research purposes only” in an effort to circumvent legal detection. Deaths due to U-47700 in the U.S. join the increasing prevalence of drug overdose fatalities due to prescription and illicit opioids and other synthetic designer drugs.

U-47700 Effects and Toxicity

Pink is abused for its euphoric and pain-relieving effects, and can be swallowed, snorted or injected. Effects, as reported by users, are comparable to the effects of other opioids, which might include the following:

  • Euphoria
  • Sedation, relaxation, numbness
  • Potent analgesia
  • Severe and possibly fatal respiratory depression
  • Pinpoint pupils
  • Constipation
  • Itching
  • Drug tolerance, dependence, and addiction
  • Tachycardia (increased heart rate)
  • Seizures
  • Psychosis
  • Fatal overdose

U-47700 Use and Health Hazards

The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) reported there were at least 46 deaths associated with the use of U-47700 by December 2018. According to DEA, no cases of U-47700 use in the United States were reported before 2015.

Populations who use U-47700 are similar to those who use heroin, prescription painkillers, and other narcotics. Use of this substance may occur unknown to the person using as it may be found in conjunction with other drugs of abuse, such as heroin or fentanyl. Some illicit U-47700 products have been sold to imitate bags of heroin or prescription opioids.

These illegal substances originate from abroad, and the identity, purity, and potency of substances in any one product purchased on the street or the Internet may be unknown. A user may be told that the product contains one substance, while in reality, it could contain any number of other dangerous chemicals.

Those who abuse U-47700 are at risk for substance use disorders, overdose, and death, similar to the abuse of other narcotic drugs. For example, in Utah, two 13-year old boys died in September 2016 due to use of U-47700 purchased from the Internet.

U-47700 Overdose

Many users of U-47700 may become sedated to the point of respiratory arrest. If the overdose does not immediately prove lethal and someone is available to call for emergency help, first responders can administer naloxone, an opioid antidote, in an effort to save a life. However, there is the possibility that the effects of U-47700 may be so strong it could be resistant to naloxone, especially if multiple doses are unavailable.

Pharmacology of U-47700

U-47700 is a synthetic opioid agonist that acts on the mu-opioid receptor and was originally developed by scientists at Upjohn Pharmaceuticals in the 1970’s for the treatment of pain related to surgery, cancer, or injuries.

U-47700 has a similar chemical structure as morphine and other mu-opioid receptor agonists. According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), however, Pink is 7-8 times more potent than morphine.

Legal Status of U-47700 in the U.S.

On November 14, 2016, the Drug Enforcement Agency placed U-47700 into Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act due to an immediate hazard to public safety and health. Substances in Schedule I are considered to have a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use.

Temporary emergency scheduling of dangerous drugs is one tool the DEA uses to help regulate new and potentially deadly street drugs. Scheduling lasts at least 24 months, with a possible 12-month extension if the DEA needs additional time to decide if the chemical should remain as a Schedule I substance permanently.

Before the DEA’s scheduling, several states had already banned the drug under emergency orders, including Florida, Ohio, Wyoming, and Georgia.

Treatment For Opioid Addiction

Opioid addiction is a potentially deadly disease that directly affects the livelihood and health of those affected, as well as their loved ones. Individuals who suffer from opioid addiction are urged to seek long-term treatment on an inpatient or intensive outpatient basis.

Our center offers a comprehensive approach that features evidence-based services including psychotherapy, psychoeducation, individual and family counseling, and group support. We are staffed with caring medical and mental health professionals who specialize in substance abuse and employ these therapeutic modalities with compassion and expertise.

We provide clients with the education, tools, and support they need to achieve long-lasting abstinence. We can help you restore harmony and wellness to your life – contact us today to find out how!

What Is Cocaine?

what is cocaine | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Cocaine is a powerful stimulant that is derived from the leaves of the Erythroxylum coca plant that is native to South America. While the native people of Columbia and nearby countries have been using the coca leaf safely for thousands of years to increase energy and productivity, current derivatives are man-made, much more potent, and extremely dangerous to use.

Cocaine impacts the production, absorption, and itemization of three chemical neurotransmitters in the brain: dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine (adrenaline.)

When cocaine is ingested, these chemicals are released into the brain. In an unaffected brain, the chemicals are usually reabsorbed without incident. But because cocaine prevents uptake, however, these neurotransmitters over-accumulate.

This action results in feelings of excess energy and euphoria, per the user’s primary goal. But using cocaine also can result in a wealth of other problems in the brain and body’s central nervous system, manifesting adverse symptoms such as anxiety, hallucinations, and aggressiveness, among others.

Also, a user will likely unpleasant withdrawal symptoms following cessation of use.

Three Forms Of Cocaine
The extract of the coca leaf is used to make three different forms of cocaine:

Cocaine hydrochloride, Freebase, and Crack.

✔ Cocaine hydrochloride is a white, bitter-tasting crystal-like powder. It is most often used intranasally (snorted), but can also be used intravenously (injected) or rubbed onto the gums.

✔ Freebase is also a white powder formulation, purer than traditional cocaine itself and most commonly smoked.

✔ Crack cocaine is a less-pure form that presents as crystals varying in color from white/cream to transparent with a pink or yellow tint. Like freebase, crack cocaine is also typically smoked.

Effects Of Cocaine Intoxication

Cocaine use may result in any or all of the following effects:

  • Happiness and confidence
  • Talkativeness
  • Feeling extra energetic and alert
  • Feeling physically strong and mentally sharp
  • Reduction in appetite
  • Dry mouth
  • Dilated pupils
  • Increased blood pressure, heartbeat, and breathing
  • Increased body temperature
  • Increased libido (sex drive)
  • Unpredictable, aggressive behavior, or violent behavior
  • High pain tolerance, which can lead to an impaired ability to identify the extent of one’s injuries or illness

Snorting cocaine regularly for an extended period can result in frequent episodes of runny/bloody nose, nasal infections, as well as a damaged septum and long-term injury to the nasal cavity.

Cocaine injections and the sharing of non-sterile needles also increase the likelihood of overdose, hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, and abscesses/infections.

The duration and intensity of cocaine effects are based on several individual factors, such as size, weight, overall health, level of tolerance, the amount/dose used and potency of the drug.

Overdosing Symptoms
Overdosing Symptoms
Ingesting an excessive amount or particularly potent batch of cocaine can result in overdose. If you or someone you know is experiencing any of the following symptoms after recent cocaine use, please call 911 immediately:

Nausea and vomiting
Chest pain
Panic attacks
Extreme agitation
Tremors
Labored breathing
Seizures

Indicators of psychosis such as paranoid delusions, hallucinations, and uncharacteristically aggressive behavior
When cocaine is abused as a stand-alone drug or is combined with other substances, the result may result in cardiac irregularities/arrest, stroke, coma, and/or death.

Combined Drug Intoxication

Using cocaine with alcohol, opioids, or other central nervous system depressants is particularly dangerous, as the body must then struggle against the conflicting effects of both stimulating and depressive substances.

Withdrawal Symptoms

Withdrawal symptoms occur after ingesting cocaine for a significant amount of time and stopping abruptly. The most common effects include anxiety, depression, and moodiness.

Withdrawal symptoms typically begin 1–2 days after the last use and may persist for up to 10 weeks.

When cocaine is used for an extended period, effects may also include:

  • Insomnia, exhaustion
  • Psychosis – paranoia and/or hallucinations
  • Significant weight loss
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Hypertension and irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Hallucinations
  • Heart disease
  • Death due to complications of use

Statistics

According to recent statistics from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), in 2014, an estimated 1.5 million current (past-month) cocaine users age 12 or older were reported.

Of those, persons from18-25 years of age had a higher rate of current cocaine use than all other age groups, with 1.4 percent of young adults reporting past-month use.

Around 22 percent of people in drug abuse treatment report using cocaine, but only about one-third of those individuals report cocaine as their primary drug.

While cocaine use has remained somewhat stable in the last decade, overdose deaths involving cocaine use doubled from less than 5,000 in 2009 to more than 10,600 in 2016.

More men use cocaine than women, but women are more likely to report cocaine use upon admission to treatment.

Getting More Information
We provide a comprehensive, holistic method to treatment, encompassing a wide array of different evidence-based practices in combination. All of Midwood Addiction Treatment’s primary therapists are either licensed or master’s level clinicians.

Our programs are structured with various components of evidence-based treatment practices and holistic approaches to treatment that provide our patients with the knowledge and tools they need to be successful in their recovery.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.

Call us now to learn about our treatment options.

888-MAT-1110

Clonazepam Overdose: Can It Be Deadly?

Clonazepam Overdose | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Clonazepam (Klonopin) is a prescription medication indicated for the treatment of seizures, anxiety and panic disorder. Because it depresses the central nervous system (CNS), drinking alcohol or consuming another CNS depressant while taking clonazepam can result in an overdose.

Clonazepam belongs to a category of prescription drugs known as benzodiazepines or benzos. Benzos work by stimulating the production of a brain chemical called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that reduces activity in the CNS and therefore incites feelings of relaxation and euphoria.

The risk for severe side effects, including overdose, is higher for people over the age of 65. Older patients are more sensitive to clonazepam’s effects and should be prescribed smaller doses to prevent adverse side effects.

Clonazepam Interactions

Clonazepam is very hard to overdose on when used alone, and a potentially fatal overdose typically occurs only due to an interaction with other substances in the system. According to recent research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 10,500 people died in 2016 from an overdose that involved benzos.

After clonazepam is consumed, our body eventually cleanses itself of the substance by breaking it down with enzymes. However, some substances can impede the activity of these enzymes, making it much harder for the body to clear out to clonazepam. As such, clonazepam concentrations can accumulate and become toxic, particularly when accompanied by substances with a similar mechanism of action, such as opioids or alcohol.

Medications that inhibit the activity of these monooxygenase enzymes include the following:

  • Sedatives
  • Alcohol
  • Some antifungals
  • Opioid painkillers, such as oxycodone
  • Muscle relaxers
  • The antidepressant Serzone (nefazodone)
  • Fluvoxamine, a drug that treats obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Tagamet (cimetidine), a heartburn medication

Common Clonazepam Side Effects

Like other medications, even low doses of clonazepam can cause mild side effects, including the following:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Sleep disturbances

These side effects are usually minor and brief and abate within a few hours or days following clonazepam use. The occurrence of side effects during a taken-as-prescribed therapeutic regimen does not indicate an overdose. If these side effects are intense and impair daily life, however, the doctor will likely decrease the dosage or switch medications altogether.

Signs and Symptoms of a Clonazepam Overdose

The symptoms of an overdose on clonazepam or some other benzo can range from mild to severe, and, in some cases, be life-threatening. The vast majority of severe or fatal clonazepam overdoses occur when it is used in combination with other CNS depressants, such as opioid medications or alcohol.

If you have been prescribed clonazepam, your physician should be aware of other medications or substances you are using, including over-the-counter medications, nutritional supplements, vitamins, or alcohol. If the physician suspects there may be an interaction, an alternative to clonazepam may be prescribed to prevent dangerous complications.

The intensity of clonazepam overdose symptoms depends on several factors, including the following:

  • How much clonazepam was used
  • Individual body chemistry
  • Sensitivity to depressants
  • Other substances present in addition to clonazepam

Mild clonazepam overdose symptoms may include the following:

  • Drowsiness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Muscle weakness and slowed reflexes
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Confusion
  • Agitation
  • Loss of balance and impaired coordination
  • Blurred vision
  • Tremors
  • Uncontrolled muscle movements
  • Difficulty breathing

Severe clonazepam overdose symptoms may include the following:

  • Slurred speech
  • Extreme drowsiness
  • Hallucinations
  • Abnormal or irregular heart rhythm
  • Low blood pressure
  • Chest pain
  • Respiratory depression
  • Seizures
  • Fainting, unresponsiveness, or unconsciousness
  • Coma
  • Death

If you suspect that you or a loved one is overdosing on clonazepam, contact emergency medical services at 911 immediately.

Treating an Overdose

In the case of a clonazepam overdose, medical personnel will give the person activated charcoal to absorb some of the clonazepam while en route to the nearest hospital emergency center, thereby preventing potentially lethal symptoms.

After arriving at the hospital, the doctor will usually pump the person’s stomach to remove any undigested clonazepam to forestall any further complications. Likewise, they will administer a benzo agonist called flumazenil, which blocks and reverses the effects of clonazepam. Lastly, to rebalance the body, the physician will likely administer intravenous fluids.

Clonazepam and Suicide

If you recognize that a loved one has taken clonazepam and seems to be at immediate risk of self-harm, suicide, or violent behavior, follow these steps:

  1. Call 911 or your local emergency hotline.
  2. Remain calm and stay near the individual until professional help arrives.
  3. Clear the area of any other drugs, weapons, or any object they could use to cause harm.
  4. Listen compassionately without judging, arguing, yelling, or appearing threatening.

Treatment for Clonazepam Addiction

Clonazepam has a high potential for abuse, as well as for forming a tolerance and physical dependence, and ultimately addiction. Addiction to clonazepam can be successfully treated through a multitude of therapeutic techniques, including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), individual and family counseling, and group support.

Furthermore, research suggests that clonazepam addiction treatment is most successful if combined into a single comprehensive recovery plan with other holistic practices like art and music therapy, yoga, and meditation.

We can help you to restore sanity to your life and experience the happiness and wellness you deserve! Call us today to find out how!

Is Hydrocodone a Narcotic?

Is Hydrocodone a Narcotic | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Is Hydrocodone a Narcotic? – Yes. Hydrocodone is a primary ingredient in narcotic painkillers indicated to treat moderate to severe pain. It is often administered orally on a short-term basis for pain related to injuries or following surgery. Sometimes it is used long-term to treat severe conditions such as cancer or end-of-life diseases.

Hydrocodone is an opioid and is similar to drugs such as morphine and oxycodone. Opioids are technically classified under the term “narcotic.” The narcotic definition pertains to a substance that can produce narcosis, which is defined as a state of stupor, drowsiness, or unconsciousness produced by drugs.

There are several versions of hydrocodone available in the United States. All except Zohydro also contain acetaminophen, the active ingredient in Tylenol. These version include include the following:

  • Vicodin (5mg, 7.5mg, 10mg/300mg acetaminophen)
  • Norco (7mg, 10mg/325mg acetaminophen)
  • Lortab (5mg, 7.5mg, 10mg/325mg acetaminophen)
  • Zohydro (10mg, 15mg, 20mg, 30mg, 40mg, 50mg)

What is Hydrocodone and How is it Used?

Hydrocodone alleviates pain by attaching to opioid receptors in the central nervous system. This action reduces pain signals in the brain and can also produce feelings of pleasure and relaxation.

Those who abuse hydrocodone may crush their pills and then snort or inject the remaining powder, or use it more frequently or in higher amounts than directed. Others obtain the drug illicitly by stealing it from a loved one’s medicine cabinet or buying it illegally on the black market.

People who use hydrocodone over a prolonged period, even as directed, or in excessive doses may start showing symptoms of a hydrocodone addiction.

Effects on the Body

When a person uses hydrocodone, the pain receptors in the brain are obstructed, and dopamine, a chemical responsible for feelings of pleasure and reward, floods the brain.

Common side effects of hydrocodone are:

  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Blurred vision
  • Itching
  • Headaches
  • Constipation
  • Nausea and vomiting

Addiction Signs and Symptoms

If you are concerned that someone you love is abusing hydrocodone or has an addiction, there are several signs and symptoms they may exhibit, including the following:

Behavioral Signs of Hydrocodone Addiction

  • Dramatic mood swings
  • Confusion
  • Social isolation
  • Doctor-shopping – visiting multiple doctors or pharmacies to obtain prescriptions
  • Uncharacteristic deception or stealing
  • Financial or legal problems
  • Worsening performance at work or school
  • Strained relationships

Physical Signs of Hydrocodone Addiction

  • Dizziness
  • Noticeable sedation or drowsiness
  • Constricted pupils
  • Nodding out or losing consciousness
  • Apparent euphoria or elation
  • Slowed respiration
  • Constipation

Withdrawal Symptoms

As with any opioid, there may be uncomfortable and severe withdrawal symptoms when a person discontinues using the medication. A medical detox is recommended to keep patients comfortable throughout this challenging process, and effectively prevents relapse.

Hydrocodone withdrawal symptoms may include the following:

  • Watery eyes and runny nose
  • Body aches
  • Irritability
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Sweating
  • Anxiety
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Goosebumps

Signs and Symptoms of Hydrocodone Overdose

An overdose of hydrocodone can occur in either of the following situations: someone takes a dose that is too high for their body to process correctly, or they use hydrocodone in combination with other substances, including other prescription or illegal drugs or alcohol. In either case, a number of potentially dangerous effects are produced.

It is critical to identify an overdose as early as possible to get immediate medical help and prevent long-term brain damage or even death.

Symptoms of a hydrocodone overdose include the following:

  • Vomiting
  • Pinpoint pupils
  • Low blood pressure
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Confusion
  • Severely reduced, labored or stopped breathing
  • Pale and/or clammy, cold skin
  • Bluish color to lips and nails (cyanosis)
  • Limpness, especially in extremities
  • Unconsciousness or unresponsiveness
  • Seizures

If a hydrocodone user exhibits any of the above symptoms, please call 911 right away. Healthcare professionals and emergency technicians are the best equipped to provide the care that is needed to treat and reverse an opioid overdose and prevent permanent damage or death.

Of note, many hydrocodone medications are combination products, containing acetaminophen, which can induce extensive liver damage in high doses, and lead to long-term or permanent functional impairments.

Get Treatment for Addiction

If hydrocodone abuse or addiction is controlling your life, it’s vital that you seek treatment as soon as possible. It may be necessary to undergo a medical detox and to enroll in a long-term inpatient or intensive outpatient treatment program.

Comprehensive treatment programs that include a variety of evidence-based services including psychotherapy, individual and group counseling, and group support are found to be most effective. Our center offers these services and our highly-skilled addiction professionals deliver them to our clients with care and expertise.

We provide clients with the tools they need to succeed at sobriety and sustain long-term physical and emotional health. We are committed to your recovery – contact us today and start receiving the help you deserve!

How Long Does Cocaine Stay in Your System?

How Long Does Cocaine Stay In Your System?

How long does cocaine stay in your system? Cocaine can remain in the human body anywhere from 3-6 hours after the last dose is taken. Also, cocaine use produces a metabolite known as benzoylecgonine (BE), which can take up to two days to be fully eliminated from the body.

Research has shown that when a person uses cocaine, around 40 percent undergoes hydrolysis (merges with water) to produce benzoylecgonine. Another 40 percent is processed by the liver. Cocaine itself has a short half-life of about an hour, but the BE has a half-life of approximately six hours. –  

Factors That Effect How Long Cocaine Remains in the Body:

The higher the dose, the longer it takes to be completely expelled from the body. The manner in which the drug is delivered is also a factor.

Injecting cocaine will result in a fast, more intense high, but it also leaves the body more rapidly (the half-life is about five minutes, and clears the system in around 30.)

Snorting cocaine usually results in a high that persists for 10-30 minutes, taking no more than three hours to be fully expelled.

Smoking freebase cocaine, as opposed to other methods, extends the half-life to about 45 minutes and can take up to four hours for the drug to be cleared.

Oral ingestion can delay the high for an hour or so, and effects can last for two more hours after. Half-life is about an hour, and it may over five hours for the drug to be entirely expelled.

Long-term cocaine users may have a tendency to retain cocaine in their bodies for an extended period, initiating storage in fatty tissues. For this reason, detox can take longer and symptoms are often more severe.

Moreover, the longer the duration of cocaine use, the more difficult it is for their body to expel it – in essence, the body’s elimination process becomes less efficient over time and eventually loses functionality.

Purity level is also a factor – the purer the cocaine, the more potent the effects and the longer it will remain in a person’s system. A number of other determinants include, but are not limited to the following: metabolism, body mass, age, and pre-existing health conditions.

A Word About Drug Tests

Drug tests do not actually determine how long cocaine remains in a person’s system, but rather, toxicological methods may identify traces of cocaine use, in some cases, for up to three months.

For example, a blood test can detect cocaine in the human body for the first 24 hours, whereas a urine test can detect cocaine in the body from 2-30 days. Hair follicles can hold traces of cocaine use for up to three months.

Cocaine Excretion

Some research has found that the amount of the drug used can also be a determinant in how long cocaine metabolites (BE) persist in a user’s system. Other factors that can hinder the release of BE include:

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Being overweight/obese
  • Inactivity/sedentary lifestyle
  • Lack of hydration
  • Caffeine overuse

Cocaine Intoxication

How Long Does Cocaine Stay in Your System? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Retention of cocaine in the human body leads to cocaine intoxication, a condition that can result in adverse side effects in addition to the desired effects such as euphoria.

Cocaine use is deceptive, and users can still suffer from an overdose even after many of the effects seem to have worn off. Users often take successive doses mistakenly believing that because effects have abated that they are safe to use again.

Using consecutive doses of cocaine, however, puts the user at a heightened risk for overdose as the drug continues to build up in the system with each additional use.

Using an excessive amount of cocaine or taking it in a high concentration can produce the following adverse symptoms:

  • Anxiety and agitation
  • Chest pain/pressure
  • Elevated heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Tremors
  • Confusion
  • Hyperactivity

An overdose can also result in muscle damage, kidney damage, brain hemorrhage, stroke, or respiratory failure, and sudden death due to organ failure.

If you or someone you know has recently used cocaine and appears experiencing any of the following symptoms, please call 911 immediately:

  • Dangerously high blood pressure
  • Irregular heart rate
  • Extremely high body temperature
  • Extreme anxiety or confusion
  • Psychosis
  • Seizures
  • Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)

Mental Health Conditions

In addition to anxiety, high doses of cocaine can lead to other serious symptoms of mental illness, including depression/suicidal thoughts, mania, paranoia, and psychosis. Occasionally, psychiatric symptoms can arise in those engaging in much lower levels of cocaine use.

Street cocaine is often laced with other potentially life-threatening substances which can contribute to their own set of symptoms and unpredictable effects.

Takeaways: Individual factors and the properties of the cocaine being used help determine how long it will stay in the system. Any cocaine use in of itself is risky, but using several doses of cocaine in succession is especially dangerous because of continually rising levels of the drug.

Getting More Information
We provide a comprehensive, holistic method to treatment, encompassing a wide array of different evidence-based practices in combination. All of Midwood Addiction Treatment’s primary therapists are either licensed or master’s level clinicians.

Our programs are structured with various components of evidence-based treatment practices and holistic approaches to treatment that provide our patients with the knowledge and tools they need to be successful in their recovery.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.

Call us now to learn about our treatment options.

888-MAT-1110

Tylenol® 3 and Tylenol® 4 (Acetaminophen) Addiction

Tylenol ® 3 and Tylenol ® 4 Addiction | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Tylenol® 3 and Tylenol® 4 are two very similar drugs that contain codeine (an opiate) and 300 mg of acetaminophen, an over-the-counter analgesic. The only difference is the amount of codeine in each formulation – 30 mg in Tylenol 3, and 60 mg in Tylenol 4.

Acetaminophen, the active ingredient in Tylenol, is a mild-moderate pain reliever and fever reducer. Codeine is also indicated for moderate pain and also works as an anti-cough medication. Tylenol 3 and 4 are indicated for the treatment of short-term, acute pain (e.g., after an injury or surgery) but due to adverse effects and the potential for addiction, they are not recommended for long-term use or chronic conditions.

Recreationally, Tylenol 3 and 4 are sometimes abused for recreational purposes for feelings of relaxation and the euphoric effect they can produce.

Side Effects Of Tylenol® 3 and Tylenol® 4

Common side effects include:

  • Dizziness/lightheadedness
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation

Less common side effects, which may the result of misuse, include the following:

  • Confusion
  • Agitation
  • Odd behavior
  • Mood changes
  • Hallucinations
  • Labored and/or slowed breathing
  • Decreased heart rate
  • Seizures
  • Overdose*

*An overdose can be the result of excessive amounts of either acetaminophen or codeine. Codeine can cause life-threatening central nervous system depression, and acetaminophen can cause irreversible liver damage and failure.

Overdose effects may also include the following:

  • Extreme drowsiness or fainting
  • Unconsciousness and unresponsiveness
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Cyanosis (bluish or purplish skin)

Furthermore, using Tylenol 3 or 4 with illicit drugs, alcohol, or other prescription drugs that are not approved by a doctor increase the likelihood of overdose.

An opiate overdose is a medical emergency. If you or someone you know is experiencing/exhibiting the above symptoms, please call 911 immediately.

Tylenol® 3 and Tylenol® 4 (Acetaminophen) Addictive?

Tylenol ® 3 and Tylenol ® 4 Addiction | Midwood Addiction Treatment

The short answer is yes. However, codeine is a relatively weak opioid, and only about 10% is metabolized to morphine. That said, both medications still have the potential for abuse and addiction if misused or abused for recreational purposes. Misuse of these drugs increases the risk of severe short- and long-term complications and overdose.

Addiction to codeine can occur because of its effect on the brain’s reward center, affecting chemical neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin that are responsible for feelings of well-being.

When a person uses codeine for an extended period, they can develop a tolerance, which means they need to take increasing amounts to achieve the effect they are seeking. This effect occurs because when the brain is repeatedly exposed to psychoactive substances, the response tends to diminish.

Tylenol® 3 and Tylenol® 4 Withdrawal Symptoms

Withdrawal symptoms occur when a person has become dependent on a substance and attempts to quit or cut back. Dependency is the result of the brain becoming accustomed to repeated exposure to a psychoactive substance and becoming unable to function without it.

Symptoms of codeine withdrawal include the following:

  • Restlessness
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Yawning
  • Sweating or chills
  • Teary eyes and runny nose
  • Loss of appetite
  • Insomnia or sleep disturbances
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea

The Risks of Acetaminophen

Due in part to its acceptable, widespread use, acetaminophen is not often considered to be a dangerous substance. However, it is not without its risks, especially if abused.

Research has found that the consumption of excessive amounts of acetaminophen is the most common cause of acute liver failure in the United States. The maximum amount of acetaminophen that is considered safe is 4000 mg (4 grams) per day. Any amount above this recommendation is therefore regarded as an overdose, and more than 7 grams can be toxic and potentially lethal in some cases.

Treatment for Tylenol® 3 and Tylenol® 4 Addiction

Tylenol ® 3 and Tylenol ® 4 Addiction | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Codeine abuse is considered to be an opioid use disorder and a severe condition that requires medical assistance as well as treatment for addiction. Persons who are dependent on Tylenol 3 or Tylenol 4 should seek help as soon as possible.

Because withdrawal symptoms from opiates and opioids are notoriously unpleasant, a medically-assisted detox is advised in nearly all cases. During the detox process, patients are monitored around-the-clock and can be treated with medications indicated to relieve symptoms of withdrawal.

Following detox, patients are encouraged to undergo inpatient treatment at our center, which offers comprehensive, evidence-based approaches such as various psychotherapies and counseling. Most patients receive maximum benefit from a stay of no less than 30 days.

After inpatient treatment has been completed, intensive outpatient treatment (IOP) is available for ongoing support, therapy, and recovery services. Outpatients visit the center several times per week but live in a private residence or sober living home while they transition back to society.

Upon completion of formal treatment, former patients can take advantage of our aftercare planning services and alumni activities that ensure the person in recovery has the best chance at maintaining long-term sobriety.

Our programs are structured with various components of evidence-based treatment practices and holistic approaches to treatment that provide our patients with the knowledge and tools they need to be successful in their recovery.

Want to learn more about getting help for substance abuse? We are here to answer any questions or concerns you may have. Contact us today.