Substance Abuse And Anxiety Disorders

Shows the pain of comorbidly occurring anxiety disorder and addiction

The Relationship Between Anxiety And Addiction

Anxiety and addiction often occur comorbidly. This means that substance abuse and anxiety disorders happen at the same time. You can struggle with substance use disorder (SUD) while also struggling with anxiety. 

In this article, Midwood Addiction Treatment will examine the following: 

  • What is anxiety? 
  • How does anxiety relate to addiction? 
  • What treatments are available for anxiety? 
  • What non-addictive anxiety medications can help you? 
  • How can you get help for substance abuse and anxiety disorders? 

What Is Anxiety?

You know the feeling. It gnaws at your intestines like a parasite. Your diaphragm contracts like a fist. Your stomach clinches. Pain spreads over your neck, back, and shoulders. Your palms sweat. Your jaw stiffens. 

These are just a few examples of how we might experience anxiety in our bodies. Often, we experience discomfort before we truly realize how anxious we are. We may even see a doctor for our discomfort. We might hope to medicate the discomfort away. 

We all might experience anxiety at some point in life. Some research indicates that anxiety can benefit us. But what about when the anxiety becomes too great? 

Anxiety Disorders

Nearly everyone feels anxious at some point. A student might feel anxious when cramming for an exam. Your palms might become clammy when you get a negative email from your boss. But sometimes anxiety interferes with your life. For some people, anxiety might grow especially intense. Or, it might become chronic. That is, lasting much longer than it ought to. 

The Anxiety & Depression Association of America (ADAA) says that, “the term ‘anxiety disorder’ refers to specific psychiatric disorders that involve extreme fear or worry.” The DSM-V uses a time frame of 6 months to diagnose an anxiety disorder.  Some examples of anxiety disorders include: 

  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Agoraphobia

How Does Anxiety Relate To Addiction?  

Many people who suffer from substance use disorder (SUD) also suffer from anxiety. Earlier, we referred to this as comorbidity. Those with anxiety disorders have a 33% – 45% chance of developing SUD. 

Anxiety isn’t just a feeling. It involves processes in the brain. Likewise, addiction involves the brain. Your brain has a trait that scientists call neuroplasticity. Your brain doesn’t remain fixed. How you live changes your brain. Down to its cells. Your thoughts and feelings move your brain internally. 

Anxiety, Addiction, and The Brain

One study asserted that anxiety and addiction were the most common psychiatric ailments in the US. A reason for this might be that they impact similar parts of the brain. Recent research points to an area of the brain called the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST or BST). The BNST involves parts of the brain that regulate our moods. It also influences our sleepiness, alertness, hunger, and relationships. 

With anxiety disorders, the BNST remains active longer than necessary. It sustains fear in a person. The BNST includes parts of the brain that influence how we behave. So, if we live in a sustained state of fear, that fear will affect how we live. How we think. How well we sleep. Even how we eat. 

The BNST activates during addiction as well. This study linked it to cravings in both smokers and alcoholics. Although we need more research, scientists continue to discover new links between BNST and addiction. 

What Treatments Are Available For Anxiety?

We must accept anxiety as a normal part of life. Anxiety exists to protect us from danger. From time to time, we will feel it. But we needn’t succumb to it. We needn’t live our lives in service to it. There are ways to deal with anxiety. Strategies for coping do exist. Keep reading to find out more! 

Medication As Treatment For Anxiety

Benzodiazepines (benzos) may help keep anxiety at bay. This group includes drugs like alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Valium), and lorazepam (Ativan). Benzos act quickly, and you can take them as needed. However, please note a major caveat. Benzos can become very addictive

Non-addictive anxiety medications exist as well. Some people experience relief from drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). The SSRIs take some time to build up in your system. A few weeks may pass before you notice any effects. For this reason, SSRIs are much less addictive than benzodiazepines.  

Therapies For Anxiety

Cognitive behavior therapy helps allay some symptoms of anxiety. It helps a sufferer practice metacognition. Simply put, metacognition is thinking about what one thinks about. We don’t have to blindly trust all of our thoughts. CBT helps us ask questions of our thoughts. Doing so allows us to critically evaluate what we believe. Exposure therapy may help as well. This method helps you break your fears into smaller, controlled doses. This can make them appear more manageable. Work with your treatment provider to discover what therapeutic approach best suits you. 

Self-Care For Anxiety

To recover from anxiety, one must care for oneself. Self-care can also soothe symptoms of addiction. Meditation can decrease symptoms of both anxiety and depression. Reducing alcohol use may likewise reduce anxiety. Anxiety tends to disturb one’s sleep. Make a point to keep regular sleep and wake times. 

Make a point to find a hobby. Do things you enjoy. Spend time with people who encourage your recovery. How we eat can also impact our anxiety. Create a sustainable diet and meal plan for yourself. Try out a physical activity, like a sport. Resistance training and aerobic exercises can alleviate many symptoms of anxiety. 

How Can You Get Help For Substance Abuse And Anxiety Disorders? 

Midwood Addiction Treatment understands what you need. Our experienced team will tailor a treatment plan to fit your specific needs. No two people are exactly the same. So, no two recovery paths will be the same. 

Remember that hope is real. Recovery is possible. You are not alone. If you have questions about substance abuse and anxiety disorders, contact Midwood Addiction Treatment now. Don’t wait any longer to demand the best for yourself. Help is available. Contact us now at 888-MAT-1110.

How to Deal with Shyness and Low Self-Esteem in Recovery

Low Self-Esteem in Recovery

Terror And Fear

You’re terrified of treatment. You’re afraid to get help. Maybe it’s the fear of judgment. You’re already crushed by guilt. You’re like Giles Corey, being flattened by many accusers. Your thoughts accuse you. They point at you and condemn you. Call you a failure. A loser. An addict. They tell you that you don’t measure up to any standard. They say that you’ve ruined your life beyond repair. But perhaps you think even worse thoughts than those. Perhaps you think you don’t deserve to be alive. That maybe the people around you would be better off if you weren’t here.

If you feel anything like this, begin by breathing deeply. Inhale. Suck in so much air that it hurts. Then exhale. If you’ve done that, then you’ve committed to at least one more breath. That’s a good thing. It’s good that you’re sticking around. If you’re breathing, you have a purpose. Even if that purpose is just to take one more breath. If your blood is flowing, you have a chance. If there’s a pulse, there’s a way forward. It might feel painful. And most likely, it will involve very difficult choices. But you must be around to make those choices. Because no one else can.

Considering Treatment? You’re Ahead!

There’s an ancient Chinese proverb you may have heard. It goes like this, “A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.” History attributes that advice to Lao Tzu. Just the thought of considering treatment seems too great a feat. You hold that thought in your mind and you feel hot. Your temples throb and your palms sweat.

If you’re considering treatment, then that’s something to feel good about! If you’re thinking of treatment as a legitimate possibility, that means that you believe you’re ready to start over. You’re done spiraling downward. You’re done with lack of control. You’re ready to put in work to change your life. You’re already doing well. Tell yourself that. Let yourself really believe that you’re making a good choice to even consider treatment. On some level, you have to believe you need treatment before you’ll actively look for it.

Group Meetings 101

Different treatment programs suit different people in different seasons of their lives. Each program varies in its restriction of your personal autonomy. But one thing all programs have in common: group meetings. You’ll be in a room with other people in different levels of treatment. The exact structure of the group meeting may vary. But they all follow a similar blueprint. Group meetings all have a facilitator (a counselor, social worker, therapist, etc.). At the beginning of the meeting, the facilitator will begin by suggesting a topic. They might choose a topic on their own. Or, the topic might be something another group member mentioned in a previous meeting.

The facilitator will then shift to the participants. A participant may voice their observations, opinions, and feelings about the given topic. They may speak about what they have learned. They may offer wisdom or insight they have gained. Once that person finishes speaking, the facilitator will ask for further speakers. If no one volunteers, the facilitator may call on a member of the group by name. Note: you will never be required to speak. But think of group meetings like an investment: you get out what you put in.

Low Self-Esteem in Recovery

When first attending, feel free to remain silent. If you don’t want to make eye contact, find an inanimate object to look at. Find a unique pattern on the floor. Or a piece of art hanging on the wall. Pretend to be invisible. Imagine that you’re hidden; that no one can see you. Focus intently on your own breath. Forgetting yourself like this will help you become more attentive to the conversations around you.

And that’s your mission for your first group meeting. Listen. Internalize what other members are saying. Think deeply about it. Reflect on it and learn from it.

Group Etiquette

To help you ease into the group, here are a few ground rules. Knowing what to expect will help you grow more comfortable with the setting. Group therapy conversations work differently than real-world conversations. Never interrupt when someone speaks. The facilitator should prohibit cross-talking, i.e. addressing your comments to a specific group member. You speak to the group, rather than to a particular person.

Likewise, the facilitator should not allow group members to question other group members. If the facilitator thinks certain comments need clarifying, they may ask the speaker a question. But group members do not interrogate other group members. No matter how difficult the conversations become, remain seated. Stay in the room for the entire duration of the meeting. Group meetings typically last about an hour. The facilitator will dismiss the group when the time ends.

Speak The Truth

Speaking in front of a group is scary. The eyes on you. The judgmental thoughts. The criticisms. What must they be thinking of you? Focus on what you’re talking about. Keep yourself resolute. Speaking is just breathing with form. It has more sound. A different purpose. With your thoughts trained on your words, talk slowly about what you have to say. Tell the truth. Don’t sugarcoat. There’s no need for profanity, but be honest about your feelings, opinions, and observations. You’re not here for other people’s negativity. You’re here to transform yourself.

Your Words Might Help

You don’t know how your story might help someone. What you’ve been through – your failures, your choices, your experiences – can make a difference in other peoples’ lives. Speaking openly and honestly about your life can provide wisdom to those listening. Just as you can gain understanding from listening to others. If you don’t speak, you may wonder, “what if?” Who might you have helped if you spoke up? If you spoke your truth about your experience with addiction? Granted, no one may approach you and say out loud, “Hey, what you said really helped me.” But rest assured, if you remain silent you will help no one. And yourself least of all.

How Yoga Can Support Trauma Healing and Recovery

Yoga for Trauma Healing

Trauma is a key driver of substance abuse and addiction. In fact, people with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are 14 times more likely to be diagnosed with Substance Use Disorder (SUD) than the general public. Often people who’ve experienced severe trauma try to self-medicate to mask their uncomfortable symptoms. Unfortunately, SUD and addiction present their own challenges and do not solve the root of the issue. Mindfulness and yoga are now being suggested as complementary therapies for trauma healing and recovery.


Trauma and the Autonomic Nervous System

Much of the research on treating people for trauma focuses on regulating the Autonomic Nervous System. When a traumatic event occurs, the nervous system kicks into “Fight or Flight” mode, the Sympathetic Nervous System response. The body effectively kicks into high gear, with all of the body’s systems and energy focused on escaping or dealing with the threat. Typically, once the threat has subsided, the body can down-regulate from this heightened state back into the Parasympathetic (“Rest and Digest”) mode that we operate in normally. 

However, in the case of PTSD, this down regulation either doesn’t occur or the “Fight or Flight” response is easily triggered. This can occur from memories of the event or even everyday occurrences that wouldn’t normally be considered traumatic. The patient often experiences a near-constant state of anxiety, stress, and heightened nervous system response, also known as hypervigilance. 


Yoga, Mindfulness and Trauma Healing

Mindfulness is an important practice for anyone but is crucial for PTSD. A 2016 study in the Journal of Alternative Medicine states that eliminating the conditioned fear response of PTSD is crucial to resolving the mental health issue. It means that in order to manage the powerful emotions and impulsive responses associated with PTSD, survivors of trauma must learn to stay oriented in the present moment. 

Yoga centers on moving through poses and focusing on linking the breath to each movement. Therefore, mindfulness has always been a key aspect of this ancient practice. Some practitioners suggest that the bodywork aspect of yoga acts as a bridge to achieving mindfulness. This is likely due to yoga’s emphasis on body awareness, breath work, and mental strength. In yoga, the concept of “mind over matter” is practiced when in difficult poses or uncomfortable positions. Similarly, yoga is a moving meditation, which can benefit mental health in a myriad of ways.

Anecdotal data suggests that both yoga and mindfulness are effective as complementary therapies for PTSD, combined with traditional psychiatric and psychological treatments. 


Yoga in Addiction Treatment

At Harmony Recovery Group, we incorporate yoga into our treatment plans. From helping support our patients in trauma healing to teaching mindfulness skills that can benefit their recovery, yoga is a helpful tool that can be used long after treatment has ended. 

If you or a loved one are struggling with substance abuse or addiction, please do not hesitate to reach out.

Contact us today, see how we can help you live the life you’ve dreamed of, free of drugs and alcohol. 



THE JOURNAL OF ALTERNATIVE AND COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE Volume 22, Number 3, 2016, pp. 189–196 ª Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2014.0407

Why is BPD Often Tied to Addiction?

Why is BPD often tied to addiction

Borderline Personality Disorder is a mental health condition characterized by instability in relationships, self image, and emotions. Among the symptoms for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) are: 

  • Intense fear of abandonment
  • Inappropriate or extreme emotional reactions
  • Impulsive or risky behavior
  • History of unstable relationships
  • Unstable or dysfunctional self image 
  • Feelings of emptiness
  • Explosive anger
  • Intense and highly changeable moods 
  • Suicidal thoughts or attempts


Addiction and Borderline Personality Disorder 

Addiction and BPD are strongly linked. While BPD affects only 2.7% of adults, 78% of those will also develop a substance-abuse related disorder at some time in their lives. Feelings of emptiness, distorted self image, and a high propensity for impulsive, risky, or self-destructive behaviors are thought to be key drivers in a BPD sufferer’s tendency toward substance abuse. 

A patient with BPD from Harmony Recovery Group, who asked to remain anonymous, described life with the disorder as having your self image distorted because you are different and you know it. Feeling like an outsider or “alien” as she called it makes a BPD sufferer more likely to mask their feelings of self-loathing and insecurity through drugs and alcohol. 


Treating Addiction and BPD Together 

It is important that BPD be addressed in the treatment plan because studies have shown that these persons are less likely to to complete treatment and have shorter abstinence phases. Thus this combination requires a comprehensive therapeutic approach. 


Treating both issues concurrently ensures the best chance for long-term success, as treating one without the other creates a vicious cycle in which the BPD fuels the desire to use and the substance abuse exacerbates the BPD symptoms. 


Borderline Personality Disorder has been historically difficult to treat. Studies have shown significant progress can be made using Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT). DBT is a type of cognitive behavioral therapy that uses a philosophical concept called “Dialectics,” based on the idea that everything is composed of opposites. Then, change can occur when there is discussion between the two opposing forces. It teaches mindfulness, distress tolerance, and emotional regulation to help patients function better in everyday life. 


Is Treatment Right For Me? 

At Midwood Addiction Treatment, we aim for dual diagnosis patients to have the best chance at long-term recovery. If you or a loved one are in need of support for BPD, please contact us today. 


Addiction and Eating Disorder Recovery

Eating Disorder Recovery | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Eating disorders are conditions in which people experience severe disturbances in eating behaviors and related thoughts and emotions. People who suffer from eating disorders are preoccupied with food and often their body weight. It is estimated that 30 million Americans suffer from eating disorders, and they are most often women aged 12-35. There are three main eating disorders: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. There are a few other types of eating disorders, however.

Addiction to substances commonly occurs with those who also experience a mental health condition, such as an eating disorder. In fact, recent research revealed that approximately 50% of people who have an eating disorder have also abused drugs or alcohol. This rate is five times that of the general population. Furthermore, 35% of people who engage in substance abuse also experience an eating disorder—a rate 11 times that of the general population.

The most common drugs of abuse among those with eating disorders include alcohol, amphetamines, cocaine, diuretics, laxatives, and heroin. It is no coincidence that many of these substances may be used by someone who is trying to lose or control weight, a common characteristic of an eating disorder.

Substance abuse and eating disorders also share many common risk factors, including genetics, family history, low self-esteem, and mood disorders, such as depression or anxiety. Other shared factors may include a tendency to engage in compulsive or addictive behavior, social isolation, and suicidal ideations.

Is an Eating Disorder an Addiction?

Research has found similarities between the behavioral experience of bulimia and drug addiction. For example, both food and drugs can invoke cravings that often become associated with certain people, places, or circumstances. People experience feelings of pleasure and reward when eating and using drugs, which encourages them to engage in these behaviors repeatedly. 

There are also biological similarities between drug and alcohol addiction and bulimia, however. Other research has revealed that people with bulimia have dopamine abnormalities similar to those who have an addiction to cocaine or alcohol. Also, cravings for both drugs and food are associated with activation in many of the same regions of the brain.

These findings imply that eating disorders may be a type of behavioral addiction, not unlike gambling or hoarding. At the very least, they represent the need to engage in certain activities to fulfill an urge, and will often do so despite the incurrence of adverse consequences.

Addiction and Eating Disorder Recovery Options

Eating Disorder Recovery | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Eating disorder treatment depends on a person’s particular disorder, individual factors, and symptoms. However, it typically includes several components, such as psychotherapy, nutrition education, medical monitoring, and sometimes medications. 

Eating disorders clearly demonstrate the intimate links between emotional and physical well-being. The first step in treating anorexia nervosa is usually to assist the patient in achieving a normal weight. For patients with bulimia nervosa, the first step is often to interrupt the binge-purge pattern of behavior. For patients with binge eating disorder, it is vital to help them refrain from binging. 

However, restoring a person to a healthy weight or temporarily halting the binge-purge cycle does not address the underlying emotional issues that have caused or been made worse by abnormal eating behavior. Psychotherapy, which is usually the center of any treatment program, aims to help people with eating disorders understand the thoughts, emotions, and actions that are at the heart of these disorders. Also, some medications have been proven to be effective in the treatment process.

Generally speaking, eating disorder treatment must involve addressing other mental and physical health problems that contributed to or are caused by an eating disorder, which can be severe or life-threatening if left untreated. For example, people with anorexia are often profoundly undernourished, and 1 in 5 deaths from this disorder is the result of suicide. Moreover, many other health-related factors must be considered when treating an eating disorder to promote the overall wellness of the individual.

Getting Treatment

A comprehensive, personalized approach to eating disorder treatment can help a person manage symptoms, maintain a healthy weight, and improve physical and mental health. If an eating disorder doesn’t improve with conventional treatment or lead to health problems, a person may need to be hospitalized or placed in long-term inpatient treatment.

Addiction to drugs or alcohol is treated in much the same way as eating disorders through a combination of psychotherapy, counseling, and medication. Midwood Addiction Treatment offers the following services, all of which can be beneficial for treating addiction and also addressing issues associated with an eating disorder:

  • Behavioral therapy
  • Individual and family counseling
  • Peer support groups
  • Substance abuse education
  • Medication-assisted treatment
  • Art and music therapy
  • Mindfulness meditation and yoga
  • Aftercare planning

If you or someone you love is struggling with addiction and/or an eating disorder, we urge you to seek help as soon as possible. Contact us today and discover how we help people reclaim their lives and sustain long-term happiness and wellness!

What Is Codependency?

What Is Codependency? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Codependency is characterized by a close relationship in which one individual has profound emotional needs, and a partner is forced to contribute an excessive amount of time responding to those needs. This frequently occurs to the detriment to one or both partners and even other significant relationships.

Codependency can lead to a downward spiral in which one partner actively tends to and even enables the emotional difficulties of the other. This cycle of behavior permits the loved one to continue acting in unhealthy ways.

What Is Codependency?

A codependent relationship consists of two members: the manipulator and the enabler. The enabler is usually a somewhat passive person who enables the manipulator’s toxic behavior. They may do so either consciously or unknowingly. The enabler often engages in submissive behavior in which he or she is forced to surrender a great deal of personal identity.

In the process, this person will neglect their own needs—or the needs of others—to satisfy the manipulator’s demands. These individuals often feel overly responsible for the feelings and well-being of others.

Codependency perpetuates a cycle of unhealthy behavior that doesn’t really help anyone, and can eventually ruin relationships and lives.

Signs of a codependent person include the following:

  • Poor self-esteem or self-worth
  • People-pleasing behavior
  • Excessive caretaking of others
  • Obsession with being in a relationship
  • An absence of boundaries (e.g., offering unsolicited advice)

Signs of an emotional manipulator include the following:

  • Deceptiveness, and being prone to skew other’s perceptions and reality
  • Engaging in behaviors that aren’t in line with their words
  • Frequently trying to make the other partner feel shame or guilt, especially when there is no reason for them to feel this way
  • Acting as if he or she is the victim and is never at fault
  • Frequently doing or saying things to instigate emotional reactions from the partner
  • Eagerly volunteering or agreeing to help in a certain activity, only to complain that it’s a huge burden on him or her and that the partner should feel indebted
  • Having a tendency to “one-up” other people by claiming that things are worse for them than others

An interesting but unfortunately feature of the manipulator is that they tend to dive into relationships almost haphazardly. When they identify a person they feel they can manipulate emotionally, they will jump in and try to secure their footing in the relationship as soon as possible. They often share too much too soon and expect the enabler to as well. Although they may exhibit vulnerability and sensitivity, this is really a ploy to make the other person feel special, empathetic, and ultimately bound to their feelings.

In general, manipulators are an emotional black hole—whatever they are feeling, they aim to suck others around them into those emotions for as long as possible. If he or she is in a bad mood, everyone around them will know it. And they are skillful at making others feel responsible for their moods and obligated to fix them.

What Is Codependency? | Midwood Addiction Treatment


Codependency and Drug Addiction

If just one member of a codependent relationship is abusing drugs or alcohol, it is usually the manipulator. This person frequently manipulates the partner into helping them get what they want. These wants may include money, shelter, alcohol, drugs, or any number of other resources. Manipulators know they have an advantage over the partner, and they use it to their benefit.

Codependency can occur without the presence of substance abuse, but the two are often correlated. In fact, codependent relationships were first identified among family members of alcoholics. Due in part to the toxic nature of addiction, codependent behavior is very common among those who have intimate relationships with another person who is struggling.

Codependency and addiction can manifest in a few different ways:

  • Among partners who both abuse substances
  • Among close adult family members and friends of a person abusing substances
  • Among the minor children of people who are abusing substances

Sometimes the codependent person in the relationship is not a spouse or significant other. Instead, they may be the child of a person who abuses drugs and alcohol. This situation is more likely to occur when an addiction has progressed to the point that the child is required to take care of the parent’s needs frequently.

Adverse Effects and Risks for the Codependent Enabler

If the manipulating partner is abusing drugs or alcohol, both partners may experience many negative effects and risks based on the circumstances. 

Some of these risks include the following:

  • Increased risk of also developing an addiction, either to substances or behaviors
  • Deep-felt loss of relationships and being social with others outside of the codependent relationship
  • Inability to tend to obligations outside of the codependent relationship
  • Neglect of personal needs, which can lead to poor health, depression, and worsening self-esteem

Adverse Effects and Risks for the Codependent or Manipulator

What Is Codependency? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

As for the individual struggling with substance abuse, the codependent relationship can also undermine his or her potential for recovery. In this case, the codependent relationship is an enabling force in the substance abuser’s life and may discourage them from making positive changes.

In fact, the enabling person may genuinely want to help his or her partner, but may also worry that the other person won’t need them any longer after the addiction is under control. This possibility may impede attempts to get help and allow the manipulator to continue suffering from addiction and face the related physical and mental health risks it produces.

This factor can lead to another significant risk if the person with an addiction does decide to get treatment. The enabling partner may feel at least somewhat dependent on their partner’s problems to maintain the relationship, so a return to this relationship after treatment could increase the risk of relapse for the addicted person.

Many contend that codependency may be regarded as a behavioral addiction itself. And because certain behaviors or compulsions are entangled with substance abuse, this can make it more challenging to address all the problems that an individual is facing.

Getting Treatment for Codependency and Addiction

Understanding and overcoming codependent behavior should be a vital part of an individual’s treatment when he or she enters a program. If issues in a codependent relationship go unresolved, the likelihood that an individual will be able to sustain long-term sobriety is diminished. This is true regardless of whether it’s the enabler, the manipulator, or both who are engaging in substance abuse.

Fortunately, there are several components of evidence-based treatment programs that can assist and support both partners in the codependent relationship and help them learn to interact in a healthier, more constructive manner. The enabling partner is usually encouraged to undergo long-term behavioral therapy to improve his or her self-confidence and ability to communicate personal needs and establish boundaries. 

For those seeking help for addiction, a comprehensive treatment program, such as those provided by Midwood Addiction Treatment, offer customized plans designed to address the challenges associated with codependency. Using evidence-based methods, from behavioral therapy and family counseling to adventure therapy, we help individuals learn to overcome barriers that result from codependency and improve the likelihood of sustaining long-lasting recovery.

You can reclaim your life and experience the happiness and well-being you deserve! Call us today and discover how we can help you begin your recovery journey!

Anger Management Therapy and Addiction

Anger Management Therapy and Addiction | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Anger is a powerful and sometimes dangerous emotion that may be characterized by agitation, annoyance, severe displeasure, or hostility. Anger is a normal human emotion that nearly everyone will experience at least occasionally and is often a legitimate reaction when expressed in a healthy manner. Poor anger management skills, however, can result in adverse consequences to an individual and others, especially when substance abuse or addiction is involved.

Excessive anger is caused by a wide variety of reasons, including fear, misplaced hatred of others, and untreated childhood trauma. Regardless of its origins, learning to deal with anger constructively is vital for the emotional health of those who suffer and their loved ones. This is also needed to reduce the addictive behaviors that have emerged or are exacerbated by inadequate anger management.

What Is Anger Management Therapy?

Anger management therapy (AMT) is an approach to helping individuals better control their anger by giving them a controlled platform for releasing their emotions. AMT is designed to achieve constructive, healthy responses, rather than those that are unhealthy and destructive. People in AMT are urged to examine the thoughts, feelings, and actions that trigger their anger. They are encouraged to become more mindful of their emotions at each level of intensity and learn how to use these findings to manage their angry responses better. 

In AMT, people learn to identify the emotional response caused by certain circumstances, as well as angry reactions that serve as defense mechanisms for other problems. These may include feelings of stress, anxiety, or other emotional issues. In doing this, AMT can significantly help people who have difficulties controlling their anger and those who love them.

Moreover, uncontrolled anger can result in extremely harmful psychological conditions and physical injury to oneself or others. Anger management therapy aims to help people reduce and manage their anger, thus leading to a reduction in stress and unpleasant thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. It can also decrease the risk of severe, chronic health problems, such as hypertension and heart disease.

Activities and techniques used in anger management therapy include the following:

  • Impulse control
  • Self-awareness and mindfulness
  • Meditation
  • Frustration management (e.g., writing down thoughts and emotions in an “anger diary”)
  • Breathing and relaxation techniques

AMT can be very beneficial, as it can be challenging for some to find and use healthier means of anger expression. Without professional help, individuals can experience increasingly intense aggression and may be more likely to engage in substance abuse.

Anger and Addiction

Anger Management Therapy and Addiction | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Anger is often closely linked to substance use disorders. People who are raised in homes with aggression and violence are much more likely to become violent and engage in substance abuse as adults. In fact, children who regularly witness violence between their parents or others often suffer from depression and anxiety. They may have low self-esteem, and exhibit anger themselves that manifests as outbursts, rebelliousness, destruction of property, and fighting or bullying.

As these children are still developing mentally, emotionally, and socially, exposure to domestic abuse or violence or parental addiction can be traumatic. As a result, their personalities may be adversely altered for the rest of their lives. These can also lead to early experimentation with substances, which is then more likely to lead to more severe and chronic addictive behaviors.

The Vicious Cycle of Anger and Addiction

Although anger can be expressed in a constructive way, a person who is struggling with substance abuse may be less able to cope with it effectively and healthily. For instance, an alcoholic may react with excessive anger to certain triggers, especially if they are intoxicated. Alcohol and drugs can adversely alter a person’s emotional responses, and that person may lash out at others either verbally or physically. Substance abuse can easily exacerbate angry responses, but sometimes, it can be a direct cause of them.

For these reasons, it’s easy for some individuals to fall into a destructive cycle of anger and addiction, and continue using substances in a misguided attempt to cope with anger. Ironically, substance abuse often exacerbates the emotional problems that a person is trying to relieve through this form of self-medication, and these issues drive the person to use more and more substances.

Addiction to Anger

Anger Management Therapy and Addiction | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Addiction isn’t just about substance use. People can become addicted to processes, such as gambling, sex, and shopping. Individuals can also become addicted to being angry in a way. When this occurs, it’s not unlike how some become thrill-seekers for the adrenaline rush. 

Endorphins are “feel-good” chemicals produced naturally by the central nervous system to cope with pain, stress, and anxiety. But endorphins are also believed to be responsible for heightened states of anger, rage or anxiety. If the presence of excessive endorphins is at all misinterpreted by the brain, a person could encounter an onslaught of “fight-or-flight” hormones. This may be true even in response to events that are not, in fact, particularly dangerous or threatening.

As such, certain individuals can become addicted to the increase in endorphins they experience when they feel angry. These endorphins, in effect, cause a “high” of sorts, albeit an unpleasant one. As with all highs, this will eventually subside, leaving the person feeling depressed, anxious, and generally unhappy.

As a result, this effect can drive a person to turn to drugs to help them avoid the “comedown” from anger, and can rapidly lead to addiction. Stimulants such as meth or cocaine can increase feelings of euphoria in an effort to replace the anger and the high associated with it. Eventually, the absence of these substances at any point in time will likely result in even more persistent feelings of anger.

Getting Help for Anger Management and Addiction

Treatment for anger problems can help patients manage and express their anger in healthier ways. In doing so, it also works to restore one’s quality of life and mental health. To ensure that a person in recovery is given the best chance for success, it is vital to address anger and other emotional issues in conjunction with addiction. Failure to treat anger issues will likely result in a relapse, and ongoing substance abuse will compromise a person’s ability to control their anger.

Midwood Addiction Treatment offers comprehensive substance abuse treatment programs that also focus on behavioral health and emotional wellness. Chronic anger is common among those with addiction, and those who cannot manage their anger are vulnerable to negative emotional states that lead to substance use.

Our programs are facilitated by a dual diagnosis treatment approach that is designed to address all aspects of a person’s mental and physical well-being. Other evidence-based services that we administer include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Behavioral therapy
  • Individual and family counseling
  • Group support
  • Mental health education and awareness
  • Art and music therapy
  • Health and wellness education
  • Medication-assisted treatment
  • Aftercare planning

Our caring and highly-skilled staff are dedicated to helping people overcome addiction and also develop healthier methods of coping with stress and triggers. Patients with anger issues will learn how to control and process their anger without engaging in extreme and harmful behavior. Moreover, we are equipped to help patients explore the factors that underpin their anger disorders and teach them more constructive ways to channel their emotions.

If you are struggling with anger management and addiction, this is not something you should be doing alone. Contact us today to discuss treatment options and let us help you get control of your life once and for all!

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What Is Alcohol-Induced Psychosis?

What Is Alcohol-Induced Psychosis? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Psychosis is a mental state that is hallmarked by delusions and hallucinations, and may also include aggression, anxiety, and paranoia. Psychosis is not a mental health disorder in and of itself. It is the symptom of a psychotic disorder, such as schizophrenia, or it can be caused by other factors, such as substance use. 

As the name implies, alcohol-induced psychosis occurs as a result of excessive alcohol consumption. In most instances, the psychosis will end at the same time as alcohol intoxication. After prolonged use, however, psychosis can persist even after this time and become life-threatening. For this reason, anyone suffering from this condition receives professional medical treatment immediately.

Types of Alcohol-Induced Psychosis

Alcohol-induced psychosis includes delusions and hallucinations associated with heavy alcohol consumption that is not caused by some other mental health condition. Alcohol-induced psychosis occurs in the following three forms:

Acute Intoxication

Although relatively rare, acute intoxication is characterized by alcoholic psychosis that onsets after a person ingests an excessive amount of alcohol in a single episode. Alcohol psychosis symptoms usually subside once the body clears itself of alcohol. Because consuming alcohol in an amount large enough to cause psychosis may result in lethal alcohol poisoning, any person suffering from acute intoxication should seek medical attention as soon as possible. 

Chronic Alcoholic Hallucinosis

Alcoholic hallucinosis is another uncommon condition that may be triggered after years of severe alcohol abuse. Although other types of alcohol-induced psychosis often include tactile and visual hallucinations, alcoholic hallucinosis symptoms are mostly auditory. They typically occur during or shortly after episodes of excessive alcohol use. 

Alcoholic hallucinosis may also include delusions and mood disturbances. The periods of psychosis related to alcoholic hallucinosis may persist for hours, days, or weeks. They may even progress to a chronic form that resembles schizophrenia.

Alcohol Withdrawal Psychosis

Hallucinations are a potential side effect of acute alcohol withdrawal. These hallucinations can be the result of temporary psychosis, also known as alcohol withdrawal delirium (AWD) or delirium tremens. People who quit drinking after consuming a high amount of alcohol over a prolonged period are at heightened risk of experiencing AWD. Chronic alcoholism can alter the structure and function of the brain, thus triggering psychosis when alcohol has been eliminated from the body.

Symptoms of AWD may also include any of the following:

  • High sensitivity to light, sound or touch
  • Abrupt changes in mood
  • Accelerated heart and breathing rates
  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Formication (the feeling that insects are crawling on or under the skin)
  • Tremors

Delirium tremens is likely the most dangerous side effect of alcohol withdrawal. Symptoms can be life-threatening and require immediate medical intervention. As noted, any person experiencing alcohol withdrawal should seek the care of a medical detox program.

What Causes Alcohol-Induced Psychosis?

What Is Alcohol-Induced Psychosis? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

The precise cause of alcohol-induced psychosis is not known. Some research has suggested that alcohol-induced psychosis is primarily the result of alcohol’s impact on certain neurotransmitters in the brain, such as dopamine. Others have posited that the manner in which alcohol disrupts neural receptors is the main factor. 

Regardless of the cause, extended, excessive alcohol use can have profound, long-lasting effects on the brain and body. Alcohol-induced psychosis is believed to be a result of these effects.

Treatment Options for Alcohol-Induced Psychosis

Experiencing any alcohol-induced psychosis is frequently a sign of alcohol addiction. Therefore, it’s essential to stop alcohol use immediately if this occurs. After discontinuing alcohol consumption, psychotic symptoms tend to abate. 

Alcohol-induced psychosis is directly caused by excessive alcohol intake that can lead to dangerous withdrawal symptoms. Therefore, it’s highly recommended that someone in this state undergo detox and medical supervision to prevent complications from occurring.

Research has shown that people with an alcohol use disorder are more likely to succeed at recovery when detox is followed by intensive therapeutic care. Over time, through psychotherapy and counseling, they can gradually develop the skills they need to sustain long-term recovery.

It’s important to note that while psychosis can onset as the result of heavy alcohol use, it can also be a symptom of a co-occurring mental health disorder, such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia. In these instances, patients need to be treated for both conditions simultaneously to prevent relapse and achieve the best outcome for long-term recovery.

Midwood Addiction Treatment offers medically-supervised outpatient detox in addition to partial hospitalization and outpatient programs. Our treatment plans are designed to be unique to each patient to meet the needs and goals of that individual. We are committed to ensuring that each patient receives the tools they need to achieve sobriety and prevent relapse indefinitely.

If you or someone you love is suffering from alcoholism, contact us today! Our treatment specialists are available to help those who need it most to achieve a full recovery and foster the long-lasting sobriety and wellness they deserve!

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What Are Co-Occurring Disorders?

Co-Occurring Disorders | Midwood Addiction Treatment

When a person has co-occurring disorders, they have been diagnosed with both a substance use disorder and another mental health condition. Co-occurring disorders, which are sometimes referred to as a dual diagnosis, are most appropriately treated using comprehensive, integrated treatment that focuses on both problems simultaneously.

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), in 2014, among the 20.2 million U.S. adults who experienced a substance use disorder 50.5% or 10.2 million adults also had a co-occurring mental health disorder.

The brain is unquestionably a complex and relatively fragile organ. Therefore, it’s not surprising that drugs and alcohol can induce symptoms of mental illness or make them worse. These substances alter the way in which the brain operates—not in a positive way. People who use substances to experience a “high” do so because drugs and alcohol affect chemicals in the brain and the way that brain cells interact with each other.

In response to such changes, the brain becomes accustomed to the presence of alcohol and drugs, thereby increasing the likelihood that the person will develop a substance use disorder (SUD). SUDs are types of mental health conditions that are more commonly referred to as chemical dependence or addiction.

It’s possible to experience more than one mental health disorder. Substance use disorders often co-occur in conjunction with other psychiatric conditions. As noted, it is estimated that more than half of people with substance use disorders also struggle with mental illness. 

In some cases, the mental illness precedes substance abuse, while in other cases, substance abuse occurs first. In either situation, each disorder compounds the symptoms of the other and perpetuates a vicious cycle of mental and emotional upheaval.

Other common co-occurring conditions include personality, behavior, and psychotic disorders. Fortunately, when the appropriate comprehensive treatment is rendered, people can recover from addiction and reduce the symptoms of most co-occurring mental health disorders. Failure to address co-occurring conditions during addiction treatment significantly increases the likelihood of relapse.

What Are Mental Health Disorders?

The term “mental health disorder” is used by the American Psychiatric Association to mean “a syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotion regulation or behavior that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological or developmental processes underlying mental functioning.”

A mental health disorder is also commonly referred to as “mental illness” or “mental health condition.” Terms such as “crazy,” “mad,” and “lunatic” have long since fallen out of favor among medical professionals, as they have derogatory connotations and further perpetuate the stigma surrounding mental health issues.

Mental Disorders that Co-Occur with Substance Abuse

Any mental health condition can occur along with a substance use disorder. Some mental illnesses (e.g., anxiety and depression) are relatively common, and, fortunately, the most severe (e.g., schizophrenia) are correspondingly rare. However, each mental disorder can range in severity from mild to severe. 

Mood Disorders

Mood disorders include all types of depression and bipolar disorders. They are mainly associated with chronic feelings of profound sadness or hopelessness that are more intense and last longer than normal feelings of melancholy. A person with major depressive disorder may remain perpetually sad for weeks or months at a time.

Those with bipolar disorders will also experience episodes of mania in which they will feel profoundly confident and energetic. Episodes of extreme highs and lows will cycle, sometimes rapidly, and the person and those around him or her may quickly grow weary of the constant emotional upheaval.

Anxiety Disorders

Co-Occurring Disorders | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Anxiety, stress, and fear are normal human emotions, but if these feelings are prolonged or get worse over time, they may be driven by an anxiety disorder. Many anxiety disorders intrude upon a person’s normal life and can make working and other important activities challenging. The feelings of terror experienced by people with an anxiety disorder are often well out of proportion to the perceived threat.

Examples of anxiety disorders include:

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Separation anxiety
  • Social anxiety disorder

Psychotic Disorders

Psychotic disorders cause two severe symptoms: hallucinations and delusions. People who are experiencing psychosis are disconnected from reality and may have the potential to cause harm to themselves and others. Types of psychotic disorders include schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and postpartum psychosis.

Eating Disorders

Like substance use disorders, eating disorders are largely misunderstood. People who suffer from eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia, do not actively choose unhealthy diets. They have a serious mental disorder that drives them to engage in harmful eating behaviors. These behaviors may include starvation, the abuse of laxatives, excessive exercise, and vomiting up food after binge eating.

Personality Disorders

Personality disorders are mental health conditions associated with harmful thoughts, feelings, and actions. They may be triggered by everyday stressors, and they can interrupt daily activities and strain relationships. Some personality disorders, such as psychopathy, are closely associated with chronic criminal activity.

Types of personality disorders include the following:

  • Antisocial
  • Avoidant
  • Borderline
  • Dependent
  • Histrionic
  • Narcissistic
  • Paranoid
  • Psychopathy
  • Schizoid
  • Schizotypal

Behavioral Disorders

Co-Occurring Disorders | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Behavioral disorders most often occur in children. Many otherwise healthy youth will, at times, exhibit some behavioral problems, such as disobedience and hyperactivity. However, behavioral disorders are hallmarked by chronic behavioral problems that last at least six months. If left unaddressed, some young people who grow up with these disorders may develop a personality disorder as an adult.

Why Substance Use and Other Mental Health Conditions Occur Together

Mental illness increases a person’s likelihood of using drugs or drinking alcohol as a misguided attempt to self-medicate. Substance abuse, in turn, also increases the risk of developing a mental health disorder. However, it’s not always easy to determine which condition caused the onset of the other. 

Researchers are still studying the brain in an effort to ascertain how it is that mental disorders develop, although, currently, they do have several theories. In addition to self-medication, there are many reasons why people with mental illness may be more likely to develop substance use disorders.

Risk factors for co-occurring disorders include the following:

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Environment—stress and trauma can produce mental health problems that make substance abuse more desirable
  • Brain systems involved with feelings of reward or stress may be affected by both drug use and mental health disorders
  • Being exposed to alcohol or drugs during childhood and adolescence affects brain development, making a person more vulnerable to addiction and other mental health conditions

Also, some otherwise healthy individuals develop mental health disorders after abusing substances. For instance, alcoholism is closely associated with depression, and chronic methamphetamine use can cause a great deal of anxiety and paranoia.

Drugs can also provoke an earlier onset of mental illness. For example, a person with a genetic predisposition for schizophrenia can develop symptoms of the disorder earlier in life if he or she uses marijuana.

Fortunately, abstaining from alcohol or drug use can relieve many mental health problems. However, some substances of abuse can produce long-lasting or irreversible damage, and treatment is necessary to help people deal with the ongoing symptoms of mental illness.

Get Help Now

Comprehensive addiction treatment includes therapy that addresses the underlying causes of substance abuse—detox alone is not enough. For a person to recover fully from addiction, every aspect of his or her mental and physical well-being must be addressed.

Midwood Addiction Treatment offers integrated treatment programs that are customized to meet each patient’s specific health needs. If you or someone you love is suffering from addiction and a co-occurring mental health disorder, contact us today and find out how we can help!

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Symptoms

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Symptoms | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by recurring thoughts that induce irrational fears and anxiety. People with OCD repeated engage in compulsive behaviors and rituals such as counting items, excessive hand washing, or organizing.

Executing these behaviors offers temporary relief while they are being performed, but anxiety returns soon after they are suspended. OCD is a highly disruptive disorder that can overwhelm an individual’s life and prevent him or her from enjoying many of life’s potentially more rewarding activities.

An estimated 25% of those who seek treatment for OCD also meet the criteria for a substance use disorder. People who encounter OCD symptoms during childhood or adolescence are more likely to develop a substance abuse problem, often as a way to deal with intense anxiety and fear.

Facts About Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

OCD impacts about 2.2 million men and women in the United States. The disorder appears to have a genetic or hereditary component, as it occurs more frequently among families.

OCD is frequently the subject of humor or fascination in the media, but, in reality, those who live with OCD suffer from intense anxiety and internal torment over their irrational and uncontrollable thoughts. These intrusive thoughts can put a strain on relationships and interrupt a person’s academic progress, career, and social development. For these individuals, it may feel at times that intoxication is the only way to escape these tenacious, highly uncomfortable thoughts, albeit temporarily.

Individuals with OCD are usually aware that their fears are not logical, but knowing this does not help them control their need to perform compulsive behaviors to relieve their anxiety and those fears. Engaging in repetitive rituals such as excessive hand washing, checking locks or cleaning one’s personal environment can consume so much time that they begin to interfere with other daily activities.

The fears and rituals related to OCD vary from one individual to another, but some of the most common anxieties among adults or children with OCD are associated with the following:

  • A fear of being exposed to viruses or bacteria
  • An obsession with certain numbers that are considered either “good” or “bad”
  • A preoccupation with religious subjects
  • A fear of becoming ill or of losing a loved one to illness or injury
  • Intrusive images of sexual acts
  • Intrusive thoughts of harming oneself or others

Rituals that involve excessive grooming, cleaning, counting, and organizing are among the most common behaviors experienced by people with OCD. Some of these individuals fear that if they don’t carry out their obsessive rituals, they or someone they care about will be harmed. Regardless of whether these fears have any basis in reality, which they often do not, they require an enormous amount of mental and physical energy to be exerted by the person they are tormenting.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Symptoms | Midwood Addiction Treatment

OCD and Substance Abuse

OCD is one of several mental health conditions that is categorized as an anxiety disorder. Approximately 20% of the people who have an anxiety disorder also have some type of substance use disorder. Unfortunately, the use of drugs or alcohol often make symptoms worse and ultimately compounds the problems related to OCD.

OCD combined with a drug or alcohol addiction is a very unhealthy mix. Those who struggle with OCD experience high levels of fear and anxiety in their everyday lives. In order to deal with this anxiety, many resort to the use of intoxicating substances as a means of escape. And an individual who suffers from obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms may be more likely than others to see their alcohol or drug abuse habits progress into chemical dependence or full-blown addiction.

Furthermore, addiction itself is a compulsive condition, hallmarked by the repetitive pursuit of a destructive substance or behavior despite the incurrence of adverse consequences. Many experts believe that some of the risk factors that contribute to mental health disorders such as OCD also increase the likelihood that a person will engage in substance abuse and potentially develop an addiction.

Obstacles and Opportunities in Treatment

Treating OCD as a co-existing disorder presents a lot of challenges, but it also offers invaluable life-changing opportunities. Entering a treatment program can be frightening because it exhibits unknown factors that characterize what some may consider an uncontrollable environment. Also, intrusive thoughts and time-consuming rituals can make it challenging to concentrate on individual therapy sessions or peer group meetings.

Fortunately, specialized treatment programs that address mental health issues concurrently are able to accommodate the needs of sufferers and their symptoms, making it easier for these individuals to complete rehabilitation requirements. Medication such as antidepressants and behavioral modification therapies are the most common tools used to treat anxiety disorders such as OCD.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapeutic approach that focuses on teaching the client how to identify and alter unhealthy behaviors. In the case of OCD, therapists may encourage the client to expose him or herself to the object or situation that induces fear without conducting any anxiety-relieving rituals. The ultimate objective is to reduce and eventually eliminate the irrational fear and anxiety associated with specific objects or circumstances.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Symptoms | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Identifying the Warning Signs

Secrecy is often critical to those who suffer from OCD and for this reason, getting treatment for the disorder may be more difficult. People with OCD are masters at keeping their disorder concealed, and therefore, loved ones may be unable to identify the problem and assist in the process of getting help. Often, by the time the person suffering does seek out professional treatment, the illness is quite advanced, and the feelings and habits associated with it have become deeply ingrained.

When a person with OCD begins to abuse drugs or alcohol, they tend to keep their substance abuse as secret as possible, as well. Therefore, by the time loved ones realize the extent of either of these problems, both disorders may be in a very advanced state.

The following are warning signs that may indicate a person is engaging in substance abuse:

  • A loss of interest in activities and hobbies that were once considered enjoyable
  • Change in a social group or neglecting old friendships in favor of new ones which may appear to be less healthy
  • Social withdrawal and spending more time alone than usual
  • Responding to questions about suspected behavior in a way that is defensive and hostile
  • Excessive moodiness, agitation
  • Suddenly staying out late at night and sleeping in late the next day
  • Stealing money or prescription medications
  • Hiding alcohol or drug paraphernalia (e.g., needles, empty pill bottles, etc.) in drawers, closets, or backpacks

Treatment for Substance Abuse and OCD

When mental illness and a substance use disorder co-exist, this is referred to as a dual diagnosis. These patients must receive specialized care administered by health and addiction professionals who understand how these conditions overlap and interact with one another, and compound each other.

The longer these problems remain ignored, the more serious the situation is likely to become. Treating an addiction without addressing the psychological and emotional symptoms of OCD is rarely effective.

Midwood Addiction Treatment offers an integrated approach that includes treatment for substance abuse as well as co-existing mental health conditions such as OCD. We employ evidence-based services vital to the recovery process, including psychotherapy, counseling, and group support.

If you or someone you love is struggling with substance abuse and co-occurring mental illness, contact us as soon as possible to discuss treatment options. Discover how we help people free themselves from the grip of addiction and begin to lead happier, more fulfilling lives!