What Does Acid Look Like?

What Does Acid Look Like? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

LSD (Acid) can be found on the street as tablets, capsules, blotter paper, and in liquid form. It is a clear or white substance with a mildly bitter taste. Acid is often absorbed into paper (blotter) that is divided into small decorated squares (tabs), with each square consisting of one dose referred to as a “hit.” These tabs may be colorful or have images imprinted on them. They are usually placed on the tongue where they dissolve.

Liquid LSD is clear and is customarily sold in a small tube or flask. It can also be found in flat squares of gelatin. LSD is usually consumed orally, but users may also place liquid drops and gelatin in the eye.

LSD Doses

LSD can induce psychoactive effects at tiny doses of 20 mcg. Because users frequently administer LSD via small pieces of paper, it is difficult to determine what an average dose would be. Compounding this problem is the fact that different people respond to LSD in different ways.

It is essential to understand that using too much LSD can result in feelings of dissociation and isolation. Studies have shown, however, that for most people, 20 micrograms of LSD provides minimal euphoric effects.

Acid Effects and Abuse

Lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD or acid, is currently classified as a Schedule I controlled substance by the Drug Enforcement Agency. This classification indicates that LSD is not considered to have any legitimate medical purpose and has a high potential for abuse.

Acid is a psychedelic hallucinogen that alters perception, sense of time and space, and emotions. There have been documented cases of heavy, prolonged use of acid resulting in adverse side effects such as paranoia and psychosis.

Although LSD is not believed to have the potential for producing chemical dependence, people can become psychologically addicted to the intense effects they experience while “tripping.” Moreover, users can develop both tolerance and emotional reliance on psychedelics like LSD.

LSD is known for inducing intense alterations in consciousness and perception. While tripping on acid, users may encounter a wide variety of effects, including the following:

  • Changes in thought processes
  • Profound emotions
  • New insights and revelations
  • Increase sense of spirituality or connectedness
  • Visual/sensory distortions and hallucinations
  • Synesthesia (e.g., “hearing” colors, “seeing” sounds)

LSD’s effects can last for some time, around 8-10 hours. Peak effects occur at roughly 4-6 hours after ingestion. Common side effects include the following:

  • Delusions
  • Sweating
  • Alienation
  • Dry mouth
  • Tremors
  • Dissociation
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • High blood pressure
  • Impaired depth perception
  • Panic attacks
  • Flashbacks or HPPD

Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder (HPPD)

HPPD is a condition in which a person sees odd things that are, in essence, remnants of the past use of hallucinogens. These may include geometric hallucinations, afterimages, flashes of color, and false perceptions of movement. To be considered diagnosable with HPPD, the type of visual phenomena that occurs during an acid trip must include the following three criteria:

1) Spontaneously reappear long after the hallucinogen use has stopped

2) Cause significant distress

3) Not be explainable by any other mental health disorder or medical condition

For many, HPPD is not so much a sudden “flashback” as it is more of a perpetual disturbance in vision.

What Does Acid Look Like? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Acid Tolerance and Overdose

Tolerance to LSD can develop rapidly. If a specific dose is taken each day for three days in a row, little or no reaction will be experienced by the third day. Users who routinely abuse the drug must use doses in increasing potency to achieve the desired effects. This practice is especially dangerous, as when the dosage increases, so does the risk of the user suffering from a “bad trip” and adverse psychological effects.

Experts believe that it is virtually impossible to overdose on LSD to the point of death. However, an “overdose” could entail effects that are extremely dangerous for the person using it and others around him or her. Users may experience lowered inhibitions and engage in risky behaviors. Keep in mind, trips can last for many hours and may lead to self-injury. As a result, the person may also incur social, legal, or other consequences.

LSD is even more dangerous when combined with other drugs, especially anti-depressants. The most severe effects of LSD are likely to happen only after excessive and frequent doses but may have the potential to be life-threatening. These include hyperthermia, suicidal thoughts, and psychosis.

Getting Treatment for Substance Abuse

Although LSD is not addictive on a chemical level, users can become emotionally addicted to the drug’s profound mild-altering effects. As a result, these individuals are at high risk for engaging in dangerous actions, and incurring severe, adverse consequences. If you or someone you love is abusing LSD, help is available.

Midwood Addiction Treatment offers comprehensive, evidence-based programs that feature services vital for the recovery process. Approaches such as psychotherapy help to provide insight into the reasons why people choose to abuse drugs in the first place. Another goal is to help clients develop the coping skills they need to achieve abstinence and prevent relapse long-term.

If you are ready to free yourself from addiction, contact a dedicated treatment specialist to learn about your options today!

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What Is Peyote?

What is Peyote? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

What Is Peyote? – Peyote is a spineless cactus indigenous to parts of Peru, Mexico, and the southwest United States. Peyote is commonly associated with mescaline, which is a psychoactive hallucinogen found in and on a peyote cactus. In general, peyote is rare, and for this reason, drug dealers tend to deceptively label LSD or PCP as mescaline just to expand their markets.

On the street, peyote goes by various names, including:

  • Hikuli
  • Nubs
  • Half moon
  • Hyatari
  • Seni
  • Tops
  • Bad seed
  • Britton
  • Hikori

Mescaline is sometimes referred to on the street as:

  • Cactus buttons
  • Cactus joint
  • Cactus
  • Mese
  • Moon
  • Mescal
  • Mesc
  • Musk
  • Topi

Peyote is one of the oldest known psychedelic substances. The Aztecs revered it as magical and holy. Many other Native American groups used peyote for medical purposes, such as treating alcohol addiction. Likewise, peyote found regular use in Native American religious ceremonies.

Both peyote and mescaline are classified as Schedule I controlled substances in the United States. This means that they are together considered by the U.S. government to have a high abuse potential and have no acceptable medicinal uses.

What is Peyote? – Administration & Mechanism of Action

Small offshoots from the cactus, called buttons, are removed and dried, after which they can be chewed. A person may also soak the buttons in water to leach out the psychoactive chemical into a solution.

Similarly, these buttons are often boiled in water for several hours to produce a hallucinogenic tea. Dried peyote buttons can be ground into a powder and smoked as well.

What is Peyote? | Midwood Addiction TreatmentChemically, mescaline is categorized as a phenethylamine, thus it is unrelated to other psychedelics like LSD or psilocybin mushrooms. However, it belongs to the same category as synthetic psychedelics like MDMA (ecstasy).

Peyote primarily targets the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine because mescaline is comparable in structure to them. Mescaline, therefore, interferes with normal chemical processes in the brain which involves these two chemicals.

Dopamine is responsible for feelings of reward, well-being, and pleasure. Norepinephrine is responsible for stress, activating and modulating our instinctual fight-or-flight response, as well as affecting a person’s attention span.

What is Peyote? – Effects

The mescaline in peyote causes emotional, cognitive, and perceptual effects, including the following:

  • Vivid mental images
  • Distorted vision
  • Hallucinations
  • Altered perception of space and time
  • Synesthesia (e.g., “hearing” colors or “seeing” music)
  • Heightened senses (e.g., colors look brighter)
  • Loss of sense of reality
  • Euphoria
  • Feelings of being heavy or weightless
  • Difficulty focusing and concentration
  • Preoccupation with certain experiences, objects, and thoughts

Adverse effects may also include:

  • Feelings of terror
  • Anxiety and panic
  • Depression
  • Agitation
  • Paranoia
  • Confusion and disorientation
  • Fear of death
  • Loss of control

According to the Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR), some people can experience physical effects from peyote use, including the following:

  • Numbness and weakness
  • Twitching muscles
  • Dizziness
  • Dilated pupils
  • Increased blood pressure and heart rate
  • Increased body temperature
  • Profuse sweating or chills/shivering
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite

Long-Term Effects of Peyote

Rarely, negative long-term effects can result from single uses of peyote. In some instances, a person who has previously used peyote can have a “flashback,” reliving the hallucinations without the chemical presence of the substance. When a person suffers repeated flashbacks following a psychedelic experience, they may have hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD.)

Despite the fact that long-term side effects that result from peyote use are rare, there have been some recorded cases of people being diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia following prolonged mescaline trips. Evidence suggests that those with a previous history of mental illness are at greater risk to develop further mental health issues because of long-term hallucinogen exposure.

Is Peyote Addictive?

There are currently no recorded cases of peyote addiction according to the Center for Substance Abuse Research. Because of its chemical mechanism of action, it seems to lack the necessary properties to generate a physical dependence.

An individual can develop a psychological addiction to any substance or behavior. Thus, despite there also being no documented cases of psychological dependence on peyote, it is still possible. Moreover, habitual peyote abuse typically occurs in conjunction with the abuse of other substances, such as alcohol.

Treatment for Peyote Abuse

What is Peyote? | Midwood Addiction TreatmentWhile rare, peyote can be abused and can become psychologically addictive. If you or someone you know is abusing peyote, please seek help as soon as possible in the form of long-term, evidence-based inpatient or outpatient treatment.

Drug abuse and addiction are best treated using a comprehensive approach that includes behavioral therapy, individual and family counseling, and group support. Inpatient treatment requires patients to reside 24/7 at our center while receiving around-the-clock medical supervision and emotional support.

Intensive outpatient therapy is beneficial for those who have completed inpatient treatment, have less severe addictions, or need time away from the center to attend to personal responsibilities such as work and family.

Aftercare planning services and alumni activities are also available to former patients for lifelong treatment and support if needed.

Our programs are structured with various components of evidence-based treatment practices and holistic approaches to treatment that provide our patients with the knowledge and tools they need to be successful in their recovery.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.

Hallucinogens

Hallucinogens | Midwood Addiction Treatment

What They Are, What They Do? Hallucinogens are a category of drugs that can cause significant distortions in the way a person perceives reality. They can be derived organically from plants such as mushrooms or they can be synthetic (human-made.)

Hallucinogens can be divided into two categories – classic and dissociative. Classic hallucinogens are drugs such as LSD and dissociative drugs include PCP (Angel Dust) and Ketamine (Special K.) The use of either type of drug can cause the person to see images, hear sounds, and experience sensations that others do not.

Precisely how hallucinogens work is not entirely understood, but studies have suggested that they disrupt communication between brain and spinal cord neurotransmitters that are responsible for the regulation of mood, sense perception, hunger, sleep, temperature, sexuality and muscle control.

Hallucinogenic Drugs List

The most common recreational hallucinogenic drugs include the following:

  • LSD (d-lysergic acid diethylamide) (Acid)

LSD is most often found in a liquid that is absorbed into a small square paper or blotter and swallowed, but it can also be inhaled or injected. Effects range from hallucinations and time-space distortions to synesthesia (i.e., seeing sounds and tasting colors), nausea, sweating, and heart palpitations. When used long-term, users may experience psychosis and hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD).

  • Psilocybin (Magic Mushrooms)

Psilocybin a type of mushroom that causes effects such hallucinations, out of body sensations, heightened sensory experiences, space-time distortions, and numbness. Mushrooms can be swallowed whole, brewed as a tea, or dried and crushed into a powder form and sprinkled onto food. If used long-term, persons may experience effects similar to those of chronic LSD use.

  • Peyote

Peyote is a cactus native to Mexico and the southern U.S. It can be consumed by being chewed, drank as a liquid, or ground into powder form and smokes. Effects include hallucinations, space-time distortions, chills, and nausea. Long-term use can result in effects similar to LSD and psilocybin.

  • DMT (Dimethyltryptamine) and Ayahuasca

DMT is a potent hallucinogenic chemical that is found in certain South American plants and can be synthesized in a lab and vaped or smoked.

Ayahuasca is a brew that includes several plants which contain DMT as well as a vine that contains an alkaloid that blocks the normal metabolization of DMT in the digestive system. It is used traditionally by native people for healing purposes, mainly in the Amazon region but also in other parts of Central and South America.

  • MDMA (methylenedioxymethamphetamine, Ecstasy, Molly)

MDMA is most often consumed orally in tablet form, but it can also be smoked or snorted. Effects include euphoria, dehydration, relaxation or increased energy, heightened feelings of empathy and senses, and hallucinations.

Chronic use can result in paranoia, drug cravings, depression, and dependence.

  • PCP (phencyclidine, Angel Dust)

PCP is a white crystalline powder that can be ingested, snorted, injected, smoked and laced with other drugs. PCP effects tend to result in more dangerous behavior than that seen among people using other hallucinogens.

In addition to hallucinations, PCP can cause anxiety, agitation, depression, confusion, euphoria, reduced pain sensitivity, and violent behavior. Long-term use can result in addiction, psychosis, paranoia, mental illness, impaired memory, and suicidality.

  • Salvia Divinorum

Salvia Divinorum is a plant that can be smoked, chewed, vaporized and inhaled, or mixed into a drink. It can cause hallucination, reduced heart rate, chills, nausea, and impaired coordination.

Are Hallucinogens Addictive?

Yes and no. Most hallucinogens, other than PCP and possibly MDMA do not appear to cause physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms. However, they can be psychologically habit-forming, meaning that people can respond intensely to these drugs as psychoactive substance and compulsively engage in repeated use.

Treatment for the Abuse of Hallucinogens

Hallucinogens | Midwood Addiction Treatment

While most hallucinogens do not have a high potential for addiction, they are commonly abused and sometimes treatment is required to break the cycle of use.

In some cases, people who are abusing these drugs benefit from a medical detox. A medically-assisted detox involves patient supervision while the body cleanses itself of psychoactive substances.

 

During this time, the patient is monitored 24-7 by medical staff and addiction specialists to ensure that complications, if they occur, are treated appropriately.

After detox, patients are encouraged to participate in long-term treatment in our center. We offer both inpatient (residential) and Intensive outpatient formats. Inpatients may transfer to outpatient treatment after completing a stay of at least 30 days.

Both formats offer both individual and group behavioral therapies, counseling, health and wellness services, 12-step program meetings, and holistic approaches such as yoga and art and music therapy.

Upon discharge, former patients can take advantage of aftercare planning services for continuing recovery and alumni activities.

Our programs are structured with various components of evidence-based treatment practices and holistic approaches to treatment that provide our patients with the knowledge and tools they need to be successful in their recovery.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.