Cocaine Withdrawal Symptoms

Cocaine Withdrawal Symptoms | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Cocaine Withdrawal Symptoms – While cocaine withdrawal may not be as severe as withdrawal from other drugs or alcohol, it does come with unique challenges. Withdrawal from some substances, such as benzodiazepines and alcohol, can cause intense or even life-threatening physical symptoms. Cocaine withdrawal, however, manifests mostly psychological symptoms.

List of Cocaine Withdrawal Symptoms

Symptoms of cocaine withdrawal may include the following:

  • Concentration difficulties
  • Slowed thinking
  • Fatigue and exhaustion
  • Restlessness and tremors
  • Chills and muscle aches
  • Diminished libido
  • Anhedonia (inability to feel pleasure)
  • Depression or anxiety
  • Suicidal thoughts or behaviors
  • Vivid dreams and nightmares
  • Increased appetite
  • Cravings for cocaine

When Is a Clinical Detox Necessary?

Although a cocaine detox may be performed on an outpatient basis, medical detox may be advised in some cases. If an individual has encountered a relapse during a previous detox attempt, the 24-hour supervision offered by a medical detox can be beneficial.

Also, if the person using experiences any co-occurring mental health conditions, medical detox should be followed by comprehensive addiction treatment that can effectively address both withdrawal symptoms and mental health concerns.

Among the more worrisome effects associated with acute stimulant withdrawal are depression and an increased risk of suicide. Individuals who attempt to discontinue cocaine use after addiction has developed can experience severe depression and pronounced mood swings, including suicidal thoughts and behaviors.

Through regular cocaine abuse, the brain grows accustomed to consistently elevated dopamine activity caused by the drug. Over time, the brain’s reward and pleasure centers are disrupted and become less vulnerable to the excess dopamine.

At this point, the user often requires increasing amounts of cocaine to feel the desired effect. Without it, they may feel profounded depressed and dissatisfied with life. Moreover, if someone has a history of depression or suicidal ideations, a clinical detox is usually advised to ensure that the person is safe and emotionally supported during the withdrawal process.

Withdrawal Timeline

Cocaine Withdrawal Symptoms | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Short-term cocaine withdrawal symptoms tend to resolve in about 7-10 days. However, as with many substances, cravings may persist for a prolonged period and could manifest suddenly, even years after a person has achieved abstinence.

Cocaine has a very short half-life and among those with dependence, withdrawal symptoms can onset as soon as 90 minutes following the last dose. The timeline and duration of withdrawal symptoms vary depending on the individual.

The following are factors that may influence the timeline for cocaine withdrawal symptoms:

Duration of Use and Average Amount Administered

Those who use cocaine for a brief period may experience withdrawal symptoms that are also short in duration. Conversely, those who have used cocaine for years may encounter lingering withdrawal symptoms for weeks, in part due to an accumulation of the drug in their systems.

Also, people who have used excessive amounts of cocaine may endure more intense withdrawal symptoms than someone who has historically administered lower doses.

Polysubstance Abuse and Dependence

A person who has formed a dependence on two or more drugs may experience withdrawal symptoms associated with both, possibly complicating the timeline of withdrawal and making the experience worse for the person who is detoxing.

Environment

If cocaine was consumed as a means of escaping from a stressful environment, new stress might trigger the urge to use again. Moreover, environmental factors that cause stress, such as relationship problems or work difficulties may produce strong cravings for cocaine. This added stress can impede the psychological process of detox and withdrawal.

Co-occurring Medical Conditions or Mental Health Disorders

If a person experiences co-occurring medical conditions, such as heart disease, or mental health disorders, such as anxiety or depression, the withdrawal process from cocaine is likely to be more severe and complicated.

Treatment for Cocaine Withdrawal

Unfortunately, unlike narcotics, other central nervous system depressants, or alcohol, there is no prescription drug currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of cocaine withdrawal. However, some medications may help people by mitigating both acute and long-term withdrawal symptoms.

For example, pharmaceuticals indicated to treat depression and anxiety may be helpful for those undergoing cocaine withdrawal, as they work well to stabilize the patient’s mood and improve outcomes. Such medications tend to be particularly beneficial for people whose withdrawal symptoms persist longer than a week.

Following detox, patients are strongly advised to undergo intensive addiction treatment in either a partial hospitalization or outpatient program. While there, patients can take advantage of integrated, evidence-based treatments, such as behavioral therapy, counseling, peer group support, and psychoeducation.

Studies have shown that programs that meet these conditions result in better outcomes for those seeking to defeat addiction. Recovery By The Sea offers these services, which are managed by medical and mental health professionals who specialize in addiction.

You can restore harmony and wellness to your life, free of drugs and alcohol! Call us today and learn how we can help!

Long-Term Cocaine Effects on the Body and Brain

Cocaine Effects on the Body and Brain | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Long-Term Cocaine Effects on the Body and Brain – The long-term abuse of cocaine, a potent stimulant drug, can result in a myriad of physical and emotional problems. Sometimes, it is possible to reverse the damage done to the brain and body via cocaine addiction – however, years of abuse may cause permanent effects. Treating chronic conditions related to this disease can lead to a lifetime of medical complications, hospital and doctor visits, and medical bills.

Long-term Cocaine Effects

Cardiovascular Damage

Immediate side effects from cocaine and crack include increased blood pressure, rapid heartbeat, and vasoconstriction in the brain and body. Chronic abuse of both forms of cocaine can damage the cardiovascular system in several ways, including the following:

  • Blood clots resulting in heart attack, stroke, pulmonary embolism, and deep vein thrombosis
  • Chest pain from tightening of the vessels
  • Myocardial infarction, or the destruction of the heart muscle due to a lack of oxygen related to reduced blood flow
  • Permanently elevated blood pressure
  • Arrhythmia (irregular heart rate)

Cardiac arrest is the leading instigator of death among those who abuse cocaine. One report revealed that heart attacks accounted for 25% of deaths among people ages 18-45 who have abused cocaine or crack.

Damage to the Nose and Mouth

Snorting cocaine causes damage directly to the mucous membranes in the nose. Drier environments and decreased blood flow allow the soft tissues in the nose to deteriorate and die. The cartilage lining between nasal cavities (the septum) will then be exposed, and it too will eventually die, resulting in a hole.

Many people who battle with cocaine addiction develop septal perforations, which can lead to a collapse of the nose structure and breathing problems. Sometimes, this problem can be corrected with plastic surgery, but not always.

A similar process can transpire in the mouth’s upper palate. Palatal perforations are not as prevalent as septal perforations, but they can occur are a result of long-term abuse.

Respiratory and Pulmonary Damage

Snorting cocaine can produce mucous membrane damage through the sinus cavity that eventually moves to the throat and upper respiratory system. Smoking crack, however, is more likely to result in serious respiratory problems. As blood vessels in the lungs constrict, alveolar walls are destroyed so that it is more difficult for oxygen to enter the bloodstream.

A chronic cough, a higher risk of infections such as pneumonia and tuberculosis, acute respiratory distress, asthma, and pulmonary edema are all linked to freebasing cocaine. People who chronically abuse crack can develop “crack lung,” or eosinophilic pneumonitis, which may also include symptoms such as black sputum, wheezing sounds, and pain.

Brain Damage

Cocaine Effects on the Body and Brain | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Both cocaine and crack can cause brain damage, even when used for a relatively short period. Damage to brain structures can trigger addiction, a chronic disease associated with chemical interference in the brain’s reward circuits and the dopamine system.

Abusing cocaine can result in other kinds of long-term damage as well. For example, the consistent constriction of blood vessels can decrease the amount of oxygen received by the brain, which can also cause brain damage. Additionally, it raises the risk of an aneurysm due to damage to the vascular walls that feed the brain.

Further brain damage from cocaine or crack may include the following:

  • Mini-strokes, or transient ischemic attacks
  • Seizures
  • Brain shrinkage
  • Cerebral vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels in the brain or spinal column)
  • Hyperpyrexia (extremely high fever that requires medical attention)
  • Changes to temporal and prefrontal lobe functioning, which impairs problem-solving, decision-making, spatial understanding, vocabulary, learning, attention, and memory
  • Changes to neurotransmitter creation and absorption, which can cause mood disorders
  • Tremors and changes in gait

Also, cocaine ages the brain, so the risk of dementia increases. Long-term memory impairments can turn into conditions mimicking Alzheimer’s disease. People who are at a heightened risk of developing dementia are more likely to trigger this condition earlier in life when they abuse cocaine for an extended period.

If the linings of the arteries and veins are damaged, cocaine effects can reduce the flow of blood to the brain, causing chronic headaches. This damage can also produce blood clots, which can result in a stroke. The drug can also induce seizures, either during a binge or following chronic abuse, or cause a seizure disorder to develop, which will require long-term treatment.

Gastrointestinal Damage

Due to reduced blood flow throughout the body, several organ systems, such as the stomach and intestines, can be indirectly damaged over time. Short-term undesirable cocaine effects include abdominal pain, suppressed appetite, nausea, vomiting, and constipation. Over time, these side effects can become permanent, leading to necrotic bowel or death of vital tissues in the gastrointestinal system.

People who struggle with cocaine addiction are also more likely to develop ulcers due to changes in the stomach’s pH level. Additionally, cocaine abuse can result in the development of ischemic colitis, which is inflammation and injury of the large intestine. This condition can cause severe digestive disorders and even lead to death.

Liver Damage

Chronic cocaine abuse indicates a higher risk of overdose, which can lead to liver injury, as the body is overwhelmed with toxins that the liver cannot filter out. While most damage to the liver will resolve if the person recovers from the overdose and they overcome cocaine addiction, there have, unfortunately, been fatalities due to acute cocaine-related liver damage.

Long-term liver damage is more likely to occur if the user mixes cocaine with alcohol, a combination that prompts the liver to produce cocaethylene. This chemical enhances the depressant effects of alcohol and causes an increase in aggression, stress on the heart, and damage to the liver.

Kidney Damage

Chronic cocaine use can cause damage to the kidneys in two ways. First, permanently raised blood pressure results in kidney damage due to loss of blood flow. While many organ systems are damaged by a lack of oxygen and high blood pressure, the kidneys are particularly vulnerable.

Second, long-term cocaine abuse can lead to rhabdomyolysis – the destruction of skeletal muscles. As these muscles deteriorate, toxins are released into the body, and eventually flood into the liver and kidneys. Kidney failure is a late-stage consequence of rhabdomyolysis.

Infectious Diseases

Cocaine Effects on the Body and Brain | Midwood Addiction Treatment

People who suffer from cocaine and crack addiction are more likely to contract certain infectious diseases, including HIV and hepatitis. Sometimes, this is due to the sharing of unsterile needles. More often, however, cocaine effects contribute to poor decision-making, increased risk-taking, impulsivity, and enhanced libido, which can lead to risky sexual encounters.

Additionally, cocaine abuse compromises the immune system, so diseases spread more rapidly through the body.

Treatment for Cocaine Addiction

While there are no medications currently indicated to treat cocaine addiction or withdrawal, it is still a very treatable condition. Frequently, this begins with a clinical detox and is closely followed by a transition to a partial hospitalization, inpatient, or outpatient addiction treatment program.

Our center offers an integrated, evidence-based approach to addiction treatment that includes behavioral therapy, counseling, and group support. Our center employs compassionate medical professionals and certified clinicians who specialize in addiction and provide clients with the skills they so desperately need to recover and enjoy long-lasting sobriety and wellness.

Please call us as soon as possible – we can help you reclaim your life and experience the happiness and harmony you deserve!

How Long Does Cocaine Stay in Your System?

How Long Does Cocaine Stay In Your System?

How long does cocaine stay in your system? Cocaine can remain in the human body anywhere from 3-6 hours after the last dose is taken. Also, cocaine use produces a metabolite known as benzoylecgonine (BE), which can take up to two days to be fully eliminated from the body.

Research has shown that when a person uses cocaine, around 40 percent undergoes hydrolysis (merges with water) to produce benzoylecgonine. Another 40 percent is processed by the liver. Cocaine itself has a short half-life of about an hour, but the BE has a half-life of approximately six hours. –  

Factors That Effect How Long Cocaine Remains in the Body:

The higher the dose, the longer it takes to be completely expelled from the body. The manner in which the drug is delivered is also a factor.

Injecting cocaine will result in a fast, more intense high, but it also leaves the body more rapidly (the half-life is about five minutes, and clears the system in around 30.)

Snorting cocaine usually results in a high that persists for 10-30 minutes, taking no more than three hours to be fully expelled.

Smoking freebase cocaine, as opposed to other methods, extends the half-life to about 45 minutes and can take up to four hours for the drug to be cleared.

Oral ingestion can delay the high for an hour or so, and effects can last for two more hours after. Half-life is about an hour, and it may over five hours for the drug to be entirely expelled.

Long-term cocaine users may have a tendency to retain cocaine in their bodies for an extended period, initiating storage in fatty tissues. For this reason, detox can take longer and symptoms are often more severe.

Moreover, the longer the duration of cocaine use, the more difficult it is for their body to expel it – in essence, the body’s elimination process becomes less efficient over time and eventually loses functionality.

Purity level is also a factor – the purer the cocaine, the more potent the effects and the longer it will remain in a person’s system. A number of other determinants include, but are not limited to the following: metabolism, body mass, age, and pre-existing health conditions.

A Word About Drug Tests

Drug tests do not actually determine how long cocaine remains in a person’s system, but rather, toxicological methods may identify traces of cocaine use, in some cases, for up to three months.

For example, a blood test can detect cocaine in the human body for the first 24 hours, whereas a urine test can detect cocaine in the body from 2-30 days. Hair follicles can hold traces of cocaine use for up to three months.

Cocaine Excretion

Some research has found that the amount of the drug used can also be a determinant in how long cocaine metabolites (BE) persist in a user’s system. Other factors that can hinder the release of BE include:

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Being overweight/obese
  • Inactivity/sedentary lifestyle
  • Lack of hydration
  • Caffeine overuse

Cocaine Intoxication

How Long Does Cocaine Stay in Your System? | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Retention of cocaine in the human body leads to cocaine intoxication, a condition that can result in adverse side effects in addition to the desired effects such as euphoria.

Cocaine use is deceptive, and users can still suffer from an overdose even after many of the effects seem to have worn off. Users often take successive doses mistakenly believing that because effects have abated that they are safe to use again.

Using consecutive doses of cocaine, however, puts the user at a heightened risk for overdose as the drug continues to build up in the system with each additional use.

Using an excessive amount of cocaine or taking it in a high concentration can produce the following adverse symptoms:

  • Anxiety and agitation
  • Chest pain/pressure
  • Elevated heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Tremors
  • Confusion
  • Hyperactivity

An overdose can also result in muscle damage, kidney damage, brain hemorrhage, stroke, or respiratory failure, and sudden death due to organ failure.

If you or someone you know has recently used cocaine and appears experiencing any of the following symptoms, please call 911 immediately:

  • Dangerously high blood pressure
  • Irregular heart rate
  • Extremely high body temperature
  • Extreme anxiety or confusion
  • Psychosis
  • Seizures
  • Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)

Mental Health Conditions

In addition to anxiety, high doses of cocaine can lead to other serious symptoms of mental illness, including depression/suicidal thoughts, mania, paranoia, and psychosis. Occasionally, psychiatric symptoms can arise in those engaging in much lower levels of cocaine use.

Street cocaine is often laced with other potentially life-threatening substances which can contribute to their own set of symptoms and unpredictable effects.

Takeaways: Individual factors and the properties of the cocaine being used help determine how long it will stay in the system. Any cocaine use in of itself is risky, but using several doses of cocaine in succession is especially dangerous because of continually rising levels of the drug.

Getting More Information
We provide a comprehensive, holistic method to treatment, encompassing a wide array of different evidence-based practices in combination. All of Midwood Addiction Treatment’s primary therapists are either licensed or master’s level clinicians.

Our programs are structured with various components of evidence-based treatment practices and holistic approaches to treatment that provide our patients with the knowledge and tools they need to be successful in their recovery.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.

Call us now to learn about our treatment options.

888-MAT-1110

Cocaine Overdose Symptoms

Cocaine Overdose SymptomsCocaine is an illicit stimulant drug derived from the coca plant, which grows abundantly in parts of South America. Cocaine works by elevating the concentration of dopamine in the brain, a neurotransmitter responsible for feelings of euphoria, reward, and well-being. Because this high is so desirable, a cocaine user is at risk of an overdose to maintain it.

Also known on the street as ‘coke’ or ‘blow,’ cocaine resembles a white, talcum-like powder that is either snorted or mixed with water and injected intravenously. Cocaine is often perceived as a drug used by wealthy people, given its steep price.

Nonetheless, cocaine use is pervasive, and, after alcohol, accounts for the second most emergency room visits, eclipsing half a million cases per year.

In recent years, cocaine’s costliness, coupled with the surge in opioid abuse, has caused a decline in cocaine use. However, cocaine overdoses have steadily risen, owing to an increased propensity for drug users to mix cocaine with opioids. Over 7,000 cocaine overdose deaths were reported in 2015, and these numbers are predicted to rise.

A Word On Crack

Cocaine Overdose Symptoms
Cocaine Overdose Symptoms

Also, there has a been a rise in crack cocaine, a form of cocaine that is usually smoked and is less expensive. Crack is derived from powdered cocaine by diluting it with water and combining another substance, usually baking soda. The mixture is boiled and is formed into a solid, cooled, broken into pieces, and sold as crack.

Crack is found on the streets in a rock-like form that is generally white, cream, tan, or light brown. Crack’s high concentration contributes to its extremely addictive nature. Although relatively rare, it’s possible for a person to become addicted to crack after just a single use.

Cocaine Overdose Symptoms

In most cases, symptoms of cocaine overdose are very pronounced versions of the drug’s standard effects. Cocaine stimulates the central nervous system, producing an exhilarating high, and an overdose will amplify effects to a level that the body may not be able to handle. This overstimulation can cause numerous symptoms, including the following:

  • Headaches
  • Chest pains
  • Tachycardia (rapid heart rate)
  • Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
  • Twitching and tremors
  • Irritability or paranoia
  • Depression or anxiety
  • Seizures
  • Stroke

The euphoria of cocaine can mask these symptoms, many of which can contribute to permanent damage. Severe cocaine abusers are at extreme risk for heart attacks, strokes, seizures, or even coma.

Cocaine Overdose Signs

If you suspect someone you know is on the verge of an overdose, there are several warning signs to look for, such as the following:

  • Elevated blood pressure and body temperature
  • Talkativeness and hyperactivity
  • Confusion
  • Restlessness or agitation
  • Excessive teeth grinding or chattering
  • Excessive sweating
  • Respiratory or kidney failure
  • Cerebral hypoxia
  • Cardiac arrest

Cocaine overdoses can devastate the human cardiovascular system. If you notice the aforementioned signs are present following cocaine use, it is critical to seek emergency medical help immediately.

How Much Cocaine is Too Much?

An overdose of cocaine usually transpires either because the user ingests too much in a single dose or because they continually use cocaine to maintain the euphoric high, which lasts less than an hour. The latter cause of overdose is often the most dangerous since the user doesn’t realize how much they’ve consumed until it’s too late.

The exact amount of cocaine required to precipitate an overdose varies depending on several risk factors. For example, if cocaine was taken alongside other substances such as alcohol or heroin, this is a significant factor that could contribute to an overdose, because the depressant effect of such substances can mask cocaine’s stimulant effects. Moreover, combining other stimulant drugs with cocaine only exacerbates cocaine’s adverse effects.

Beyond concurrent substance use, an individual’s body chemistry, tolerance level, and age play a role, as well as the method of administration used and the purity of the cocaine. Mixing cocaine with water then injecting it can produce a fatal reaction from just 20 mg in some cases while snorting the drug nasally usually requires much more.

In Case of Overdose

Cocaine Overdose Symptoms | Midwood Addiction Treatment
Cocaine Overdose Symptoms

If you recognize these warning signs and symptoms in yourself or a loved one, call 911 or seek emergency medical care immediately.

Death from cocaine overdose can happen quickly, so time is always of the essence in these situations.

While waiting for emergency help to arrive, there are a few things one can do to help mitigate potentially life-threatening overdose symptoms, including the following:

  • Apply a cold compress to the head and neck to maintain body temperature
  • In case of seizure, clear the area of hard objects or sharp edges upon which the person could injure themselves
  • Stay with the person until help arrives.

Treatment for Cocaine Addiction

Coke addiction is a devasting disease that negatively impacts those suffering as well as those who love him or her. After detox, patients should participate in a long-term inpatient or outpatient treatment and other services that are offered by our center. Using a comprehensive approach, we provide evidence-based therapies such as psychotherapy, counselor, and group support.

Our medical and mental staff provide our clients with the knowledge and tools they need to achieve sobriety and maintain long lasting wellness and happiness. You CAN regain your life, and you don’t have to do it alone – we can help!

Our programs are structured with various components of evidence-based treatment practices and holistic approaches to treatment that provide our patients with the knowledge and tools they need to be successful in their recovery.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.

Cocaine and Alcohol

Cocaine and Alcohol Abuse | Midwood Addiction Treatment

Cocaine and Alcohol – Cocaine and alcohol are frequently consumed together – people are sometimes seeking an enhanced effect, and other times, alcohol is used to help reduce the symptoms of a cocaine comedown. In either case, using cocaine and alcohol together can be even more dangerous than when abusing either drug alone.

Alcohol is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, meaning it slows activity in the brain and body. Alcohol consumption, however, results in a huge surge of dopamine, a chemical that is associated with feelings of euphoria. It is this intense feeling of well-being that, at least at first, masks alcohol’s depressant effects.

Cocaine, on the other hand, is a CNS stimulant, meaning that it increases, rather than suppresses activity in the body. Mixing cocaine and alcohol, therefore, results in a sort of conflict of interests, so to speak, from the brain and body’s perspective.

 

Some Combined Side Affects
✔ Breathing problems

✔ Rapid heart rate

✔ Cognitive impairment

✔ Increased blood pressure

✔ Impaired coordination and motor function

✔ Heart palpitations Cerebral infarction (death of blood vessels and blood tissue)

✔ Brain aneurysm

✔ Stroke

✔ Brain damage

✔ Coma

✔ Death

Cocaethylene – An Unexpected By-Product

Cocaethylene is a chemical that is formed as the byproduct of the combined use of cocaine and alcohol metabolized by the liver. In fact, cocaethylene is the only known example of the development of a third drug in the human body after the consumption of two others.

Cocaethylene is toxic in the liver, has a longer duration of action than cocaine, and is also thought responsible for many cardiac arrests among younger people in their 20s and 30’s.

But in fact, very little is known about the drug and its potential threat to users, other than it may be even more toxic to the heart, possibly carrying a much higher risk of sudden death.

Where Does Cocaine Come From?

The purest form of cocaine, cocaine hydrochloride, is a substance derived from the coca plant native to South America. While the coca leaf itself has stimulating effects, it is this powerful chemical isolated from the plant that makes cocaine both desirable as a drug and very dangerous.

Types of Cocaine
Pure cocaine is almost never seen on the street, but can rarely be found up to a 98% purity. Most of the time, however, it is less than 40% pure and is cut with additives such as caffeine, sugar, and other drugs. Cocaine often comes in powder form and with colors ranging from whitish-grayish (chalk.) Cocaine has effects that make the user feel happy, energetic, and talkative. Cocaine use results in a relatively short high, however, and even inexperienced or first-time users are not likely to feel its effects for more than an hour.

Freebase cocaine is cocaine that is nearly free of the drug’s hydrochloride additive. Freebase cocaine is the result of the conversion of powder cocaine to cocaine sulfate. This drug is therefore nearly 100% pure and highly dangerous to use. Crack cocaine can also be yellowish in color, is wax-like, and usually smoked in a pipe.

Crack is a combination of cocaine and other chemicals such as ammonia, ether, or baking soda, and often has stronger effects compared to refined, powdered cocaine. It also has a greater potential for addiction.

Methods of Use

Cocaine powder is most commonly aspirated or “snorted.” However, some users inject it. Snorting cocaine can lead to frequent nosebleeds, infections, and irreversible damage to the nasal septum and surrounding tissues.

Injecting cocaine into a blood vessel or under the skin can result in damage to both the veins and skin, including sores, abscesses, and infections.

Smoking cocaine increases the risk of bronchitis and pneumonia.

Alcohol Addiction

Some people abuse alcohol and cocaine equally, but many alcohol abusers use cocaine less frequently. or not at all.

Alcohol addiction, however, even without the presence of other drug use can be very destructive and have devasting consequences. It can result in mental and health problems, legal issues, and family/social conflicts.

Alcohol addiction is characterized by the excessive use of alcohol, tolerance, and dependency. Tolerance is a term to describe how the body becomes desensitized to alcohol use, and therefore, over time, more is needed to achieve intoxication.

Dependency occurs when the brain becomes accustomed to the drug’s presence and can no longer function “normally” without it. When the drinker tries to drastically cut back or quit altogether, unpleasant withdrawal effects result.

Treatment for Alcoholism and Cocaine Abuse
When someone regularly uses alcohol and cocaine together, this is known as polysubstance abuse – a condition that is more complex than addiction to either substance is alone.

Treatment for polysubstance abuse requires long-term therapy and a comprehensive approach that also includes counseling and group support. Ideally, polysubstance abusers should undergo a residential stay in our addiction treatment center for a minimum of 30 days. For those who need more flexibility, however, intensive outpatient care is also available.

After professional treatment has been completed, support groups can be incredibly useful for maintaining long-term abstinence, as is ongoing treatments such as psychiatric services and counseling. Also, after discharge from treatment, clients can still participate in our aftercare program and alumni activities.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.

Call us now to learn about our treatment options.

888-MAT-1110